Hiroshi Nishioka

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In a preceding paper, we reported a novel actin filament (F-actin)-binding protein, named neurabin, which was specifically expressed in neural tissue and implicated in neurite formation. We purified from rat brain another F-actin-binding protein, which had a domain organization similar to that of neurabin but was ubiquitously expressed, and named it(More)
Afadin is an actin filament-binding protein that binds to nectin, an immunoglobulin-like cell adhesion molecule, and is colocalized with nectin at cadherin-based cell-cell adherens junctions (AJs). To explore the function of afadin in cell-cell adhesion during embryogenesis, we generated afadin(-/-) mice and embryonic stem cells. In wild-type mice at(More)
Membrane-associated guanylate kinase (MAGI)-1/BAI-associated protein (BAP) 1 and Synapse-associated protein (SAP) 97/human Discs-large tumor suppressor gene (hDLG) are ubiquitous isoforms of synaptic scaffolding molecule (S-SCAM) and Postsynaptic density (PSD)-95/SAP90, both of which are implicated in the structures of synapses, respectively. SAP97/hDLG is(More)
We have recently found a novel cell-cell adhesion system at cadherin-based adherens junctions. This system consists of at least two components: nectin, an immunoglobulin-like cell adhesion molecule with Ca(2+)-independent homophilic binding activity, and l-afadin, an actin filament-binding protein that connects nectin to the actin cytoskeleton. In the(More)
Urinary metabolites of α-pyrrolidinovalerophenone (α-PVP) in humans were investigated by analyzing urine specimens obtained from abusers. Unambiguous identification and accurate quantification of major metabolites were realized using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry with newly synthesized authentic(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to assess the outcome in patients with cerebellar glioblastoma (GBM) treated in 15 institutions of the Rare Cancer Network. METHODS AND MATERIALS Data from a series of 45 adult patients with cerebellar GBM were collected in a retrospective multicenter study. Median age was 50.3 years. Brainstem invasion was observed in 9(More)
Upon activation, platelets release many active substances stored in alpha- and dense-core granules. However, the molecular mechanisms governing regulated exocytosis are not yet fully understood. Here, we have established an assay system using permeabilized platelets to analyze the Ca(2+)-induced exocytosis of both types of granules, focusing on RabGTPases.(More)
We purified from rat brain a novel F-actin-binding protein with a Mr of about 105,000 (p105), which was estimated by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. We cloned its cDNA from a rat brain cDNA library and characterized it. p105 was a protein of 766 amino acids and showed a calculated Mr of 86,449. p105 consisted of one F-actin-binding domain at the(More)
Objective. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea is a potentially life-threatening complication following transsphenoidal surgery (TSS). Methods. To elucidate the risk factors that may affect the incidence of postoperative CSF rhinorrhea, we retrospectively reviewed 200 consecutive cases of TSS performed by a single surgeon for 168 adenomas and 32 other(More)