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AIM To evaluate the reliability of [(123)I]meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy for diagnosing Parkinson's disease (PD). PATIENTS/METHODS A series of 391 outpatients showing one or more parkinsonian-like symptoms was longitudinally followed up for accurate clinical diagnosis. MIBG scintigraphy was performed in the patients and 10 normal(More)
Rats working on a food-reinforced operant schedule and exhibiting behavioral depression following administration of D,L-5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) were pretreated with one of three drugs: methysergide, fluoxetine, or amitriptyline. The former two drugs were used to establish a basis for distinguishing between pre- and postsynaptic events. We found that(More)
Cholecystokinin (CCK) may have a role in the mediation of human panic disorder and anxiogenic (anxiolytic)-like activity in an animal model of anxiety. Otsuka Long Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats lacked CCK A receptors (CCKAR) because of a genetic abnormality. In order to elucidate the involvement of CCKAR in the regulation of anxiety, we investigated(More)
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been shown to have a therapeutic effect on affective disorder and anxiety disorders. However, some reports have linked rTMS to a significant increase in anxiety in normal volunteers. This study investigates the effect of rTMS on anxiety and the use of acute and chronic paroxetine treatment on this(More)
The object was to assess alterations in CSF concentrations of monoamine metabolites during withdrawal of medication in patients with Parkinson's disease in relation to the presence or absence of episodes resembling neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). This syndrome is a fatal condition developing after neuroleptic therapy, and a neuroleptic malignant-like(More)
In order to examine the involvement of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRF) receptor in the formation of anxiety, we investigated whether CRF receptor antagonist CP-154,526 suppressed conditioned fear stress. First, rats were individually subjected to 30 min of footshock. Twenty-four hours after footshock, the rats were again placed in the chamber and(More)
BACKGROUND Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) affects vascular function by blocking nitric oxide synthesis. We examined the relationship of ADMA concentration to vascular risk factors in subjects who have undergone annual medical check-up. METHODS ADMA concentration, lipid profile and vascular risk factors were assessed during an annual medical(More)
A study was undertaken to gain an understanding of the biochemical mechanism whereby tetrabenazine (TBZ) produces a sedative effect on the locomotor activity of rats. Rats injected with L-5-hydroxytryptophan (L-5-HTP, 30 mg/kg), the immediate precursor of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), showed the characteristic bison appearance, pitosis, and catalepsy normally(More)
Circadian rhythm in the behavioral responsiveness to the selective 5-HT1A receptor agonist 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) was studied in rats. Rats were subcutaneously injected with 8-OH-DPAT at one of the following times of day: 0000, 0400, 0800, 1200, 1600, 2000 hours. The post-synaptic 5-HT1A receptor behavioral syndrome, that is,(More)
Disturbances of the dopaminergic neurotransmitter system have been associated with a personality trait that involves novelty seeking. A functional polymorphism in the promoter region of the dopamine D2 receptor gene (DRD2) has been reported to be associated with schizophrenia. We examined the association between this polymorphism in the DRD2 promoter region(More)