Hiroshi Nagamitsu

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Elevation of active sigma(E) levels in Escherichia coli by either repressing the expression of rseA encoding an anti-sigma(E) factor or cloning rpoE in a multicopy plasmid, led to a large decrease in the number of dead cells and the accumulation of cellular proteins in the medium in the stationary phase. The numbers of CFU, however, were nearly the same as(More)
The molecular mechanism supporting survival at a critical high temperature (CHT) in Escherichia coli was investigated. Genome-wide screening with a single-gene knockout library provided a list of genes indispensable for growth at 47°C, called thermotolerant genes. Genes for which expression was affected by exposure to CHT were identified by DNA chip(More)
A large number of Escherichia coli cells become viable but nonculturable at early stationary phase, most of which are directed to lysis in cells with an enhanced active σ(E) level. In this study, we examined the effect of small noncoding RNAs, MicA and RybB, as σ(E) regulon as well as regulators of outer membrane protein (Omp) genes, on the lysis process.(More)
To understand the mechanism of sigma(E)-dependent cell lysis, we examined the consequences of deletion derivatives of rpoE regulators rseA, rseB and rseC on sigma(E) transcription, on levels of free versus membrane-bound sigma(E) and on OMP-biogenesis limiting factor(s) that could impact cell lysis. RT-PCR showed that individual nonpolar DeltarseA and(More)
σ(E)-dependent cell lysis has been proposed to eliminate damaged cells in the stationary phase in Escherichia coli. In order to explore the relationship of this process to long-term stationary phase existence, we considered that micA and rybB could be important small regulatory RNA (sRNA) genes for σ(E)-dependent cell lysis. A long-term stationary phase was(More)
INTRODUCTION Misfolded and unassembled glycoproteins are eliminated from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen by the ER-associated degradation (ERAD). We previously identified a Tyr595Cys (Y595C) mutation of protein S (PS) in a family of a quantitative PS deficiency. The mutation causes intracellular degradation and decreased secretion of the Y595C mutant(More)
A gene, designated ves, that is expressionally responsive to temperature was found in Escherichia coli. Experiments with a single-copy lacZ operon fusion and primer extension analysis revealed that ves was expressed at a low temperature with a peak around 25 degrees C but was hardly expressed at 42 degrees C. After a temperature downshift, the mRNA level(More)
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