Hiroshi Muratani

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BACKGROUND A persistent primitive hypoglossal artery (PPHA) is a rare anomaly. The association of PPHA with intracranial aneurysms of the artery has also been rarely reported. We surgically treated a case of PPHA associated with a ruptured saccular aneurysm at the proximal posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA). CASE DESCRIPTION The patient was(More)
Subdural effusion, a common postoperative complication of extracranial shunting for hydrocephalus, is usually caused by excessive drainage of cerebrospinal fluid. Subdural effusion is thought to occur less frequently after a neuroendoscopic III ventriculostomy, and no reported cases have been symptomatic. We encountered a symptomatic subdural effusion with(More)
We investigated whether angiotensin II (ANG II), endogenous to the ventrolateral medulla (VLM), contributes to cardiovascular regulation in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. The action of ANG II endogenous to the VLM was examined by microinjection of 100 pmol of [Sar1,Thr8]ANG II into either the rostral (R) or(More)
The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) exhibits an enhanced activity of the peripheral sympathetic and brain renin-angiotensin systems. In the present experiments, we evaluated the cardiovascular response of angiotensin II (ANG II) microinjected in the rostral (RVLM) and the caudal (CVLM) ventrolateral medulla of age-matched (14-16 wk old) SHR and(More)
A 66-year-old man with idiopathic cranial pachymeningoencephalitis was described. He suffered from left orbital pain, and character changes. He became short tempered, and was very attached to trifles. Two years prior to these symptoms, he had developed transient left abducent nerve palsy. Head MRI showed a thickening and enhancement of the dura mater on(More)
Intracranial complications from isolated sphenoid sinusitis are rare but nevertheless demonstrate both a high morbidity and mortality. We herein report a case of a pituitary abscess secondary to sphenoid sinusitis in a 12-year-old boy. This patient presented with an acute onset of moderate fever and headache, followed by progressive right ptosis. An(More)
We report two cases with isolated bilateral abducens nerve palsies due to the rupture of a vertebral aneurysm. Surgery revealed that the aneurysm did not directly compress the abducens nerve. Within a year after the subarachnoid hemorrhage, the patients gained full recovery from the bilateral abducens nerve palsies. In view of the clinical and operative(More)
Background. Surgery of vertebral artery-posterior inferior cerebellar artery (VA-PICA) aneurysms is not easy because there is a close anatomical relationship between aneurysms and the surrounding neurovascular structures, and bony structures in the lateral foramen magnum. The preoperative evaluation for a circumstantial comprehension of anatomical(More)
We treated recurrent hydrocephalus in a previously shunted patient by neuroendoscopic third ventriculostomy. A tear was noted in the septum pellucidum. As the foramen of Monro was found to be occluded, we first fenestrated the floor of the lateral ventricle and then performed third ventriculostomy through the fenestration. A tough membrane believed to be(More)
We have applied the frameless navigation system (StealthStation) to various neurosurgical procedures to examine its usefulness. The system consists of a UNIX based workstation that creates triplanar and 3-dimensional images; an infrared optical digitizer with camera array; a reference-light-emitting diode (LED) array (e.g., reference array); and pointer(More)