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The carbonic anhydrases (CAs) fall into three evolutionarily distinct families designated alpha-, beta-, and gamma-CAs based on their primary structure. beta-CAs are present in higher plants, algae, and prokaryotes, and are involved in inorganic carbon utilization. Here, we describe the novel x-ray structure of beta-CA from the red alga, Porphyridium(More)
Sequences were recently obtained from four double-stranded (ds) RNAs from different plant species. These dsRNAs are not associated with particles and as they appeared not to be horizontally transmitted, they were thought to be a kind of RNA plasmid. Here we report that the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) and helicase domains encoded by these dsRNAs are(More)
In order to assess the incidence of HIV mixed infection as well as to clarify the molecular epidemiology of HIV in central Africa, we investigated 43 HIVs obtained from 211 Cameroonian AC, ARC, and AIDS patients in 1994 and 1995. Part of the pol region and part of the env region were phylogenetically analyzed. The genotypes observed were varied: of 43(More)
To elucidate the differentiation mechanisms of macrophages in the murine omentum, we studied the repopulation of these cells and the expression of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) in the milky spots and omental tissues in mice depleted of macrophages following administration of liposome-encapsulated dichloromethylene diphosphonate (clodronate).(More)
A linear, plasmid-like, double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) was isolated from rice, and its entire sequence of 13,952 nucleotides (nt) was determined. The dsRNA encodes a single, unusually long, open reading frame (13,716 nt, 4,572 amino acid residues), which includes an RNA helicase-like domain and an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase-like domain. A series of Northern(More)
Intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) by being involved in the extravasation of lymphocytes from the circulation into the inflamed pancreas. However, the mechanism of beta-cell destruction by which expression of ICAM-1 on beta-cells may facilitate adhesion of(More)
BAG-1 is a recently identified Bcl-2-interacting anti-apoptotic protein. The aim of our study was to investigate the immunohistochemical staining pattern of BAG-1 protein in patients with colorectal cancer and examine associations of BAG-1 expression with various clinicopathological factors and patient survival. Tumour samples were collected from 86(More)
Kupffer cells were selectively eliminated in mice by the intravenous administration of liposome-entrapped dichloromethylene diphosphonate. At 5 days, small peroxidase-negative and acid-phosphatase-weakly-positive macrophages appeared, increased in number, and differentiated into peroxidase- and acid-phosphatase-positive Kupffer cells. Repopulating small(More)
The 2.8 A crystal structure of hydroxylamine oxidoreductase of a nitrifying chemoautotrophic bacterium, Nitrosomonas europaea, is described. Twenty-four haems lie in the centre bottom of the trimeric molecule, localized in four clusters within each monomer. The haem clusters within the trimer are aligned to form a ring that has inlet and outlet sites. The(More)
The prognosis of patients with T4 esophageal carcinoma is poor, and thus an effective treatment needs to be established. The present study assessed the effect of chemoradiotherapy (CRT), postoperative morbidity and mortality, and survival time in 41 patients with T4 esophageal carcinoma. Of these, 24 received CRT followed by surgery (group A) and the(More)