Hiroshi Moriyama

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The carbonic anhydrases (CAs) fall into three evolutionarily distinct families designated alpha-, beta-, and gamma-CAs based on their primary structure. beta-CAs are present in higher plants, algae, and prokaryotes, and are involved in inorganic carbon utilization. Here, we describe the novel x-ray structure of beta-CA from the red alga, Porphyridium(More)
In order to assess the incidence of HIV mixed infection as well as to clarify the molecular epidemiology of HIV in central Africa, we investigated 43 HIVs obtained from 211 Cameroonian AC, ARC, and AIDS patients in 1994 and 1995. Part of the pol region and part of the env region were phylogenetically analyzed. The genotypes observed were varied: of 43(More)
Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) 1 is an essential physiologic regulator of the IFN-gamma signaling that is crucial to lead appropriate immune responses, and impaired IFN-gamma production is considered a hallmark of atopic diseases. Recent study has shown that SOCS1 is also crucial in attenuating type 1 IFN signaling and in limiting the host response(More)
The B-cell translocation gene-2 (BTG2), a p53-inducible gene, is suppressed in mammary epithelial cells during gestation and lactation. In human breast cancer, decreased BTG2 expression correlates with high tumor grade and size, p53 status, blood and lymph vessel invasion, local and metastatic recurrence and decrease in overall survival, suggesting that(More)
To assess the molecular epidemiology of HIV-1 in Republic of Congo (Congo), we investigated 29 HIV-1s obtained from 82 Congolese AIDS and ARC patients in 1996 and 1997. Part of the env region including the V3 loop was phylogenetically analyzed. The genotypes observed were varied: of 29 specimens, 12 (41 %) were subtype A, 1 (3%) was subtype D, 6 (21%) were(More)
Sequences were recently obtained from four double-stranded (ds) RNAs from different plant species. These dsRNAs are not associated with particles and as they appeared not to be horizontally transmitted, they were thought to be a kind of RNA plasmid. Here we report that the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) and helicase domains encoded by these dsRNAs are(More)
The prognosis of patients with T4 esophageal carcinoma is poor, and thus an effective treatment needs to be established. The present study assessed the effect of chemoradiotherapy (CRT), postoperative morbidity and mortality, and survival time in 41 patients with T4 esophageal carcinoma. Of these, 24 received CRT followed by surgery (group A) and the(More)
The authors report a rare variation, a common celiacomesenteric trunk, which was observed during routine dissection of an 89-year-old Japanese female cadaver in the laboratory of the Anatomy Department. The trunk gave rise to left gastric, common hepatic, splenic and superior mesenteric arteries. The developmental significance of this variation is discussed(More)
The molecular status of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has not been as well studied in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) as in lung cancer. We examined the frequencies of EGFR mutations as well as the expression/phosphorylation status of the EGFR protein in HNSCC patients. Moreover, we tried to elucidate associations between EGFR(More)
BACKGROUND Patients undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) are at risk of complications because of the close proximity of the sinuses to the orbit and anterior skull base. The aim of this study was to evaluate the complications of ESS and to identify patient characteristics that were risk factors for the complications. METHODS We conducted a(More)