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The crystal structure of ferredoxin from the thermoacidophilic archaeon Sulfolobus sp. strain 7 was determined by multiple isomorphous replacement supplemented with anomalous scattering effects of iron atoms in the Fe-S clusters, and refined at 2.0 A resolution to a crystallographic R value of 0.173. The structural model contains a polypeptide chain of 103(More)
The carbonic anhydrases (CAs) fall into three evolutionarily distinct families designated alpha-, beta-, and gamma-CAs based on their primary structure. beta-CAs are present in higher plants, algae, and prokaryotes, and are involved in inorganic carbon utilization. Here, we describe the novel x-ray structure of beta-CA from the red alga, Porphyridium(More)
The 2.8 A crystal structure of hydroxylamine oxidoreductase of a nitrifying chemoautotrophic bacterium, Nitrosomonas europaea, is described. Twenty-four haems lie in the centre bottom of the trimeric molecule, localized in four clusters within each monomer. The haem clusters within the trimer are aligned to form a ring that has inlet and outlet sites. The(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is one of the most frequent chronic diseases in the US, and little is understood about its pathogenesis. This study was conducted to characterize, retrospectively, the clinical, objective and immunological parameters that accompany recurrence of CRS during long-term follow-up after surgery. METHODS Fifty-six(More)
We present a 54-year-old man employed in the field of hard metal manufacturing who complained of progressive dyspnea and weight loss. His chest radiograph showed bilateral fibrosis predominantly distributed in the upper lobes with bilateral pleural effusions, and a strong reduction in lung volume. Lung histopathology showed apical cap-like fibrosis but no(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this work was to compare the CT findings of lung involvement in patients with mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) with those in patients with other CTDs: systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis (SSc), and polymyositis and dermatomyositis (PM-DM). METHOD CT scans of 35 patients with interstitial lung disease and(More)
Pneumoconiosis induced by non-crystalline silica is considered rare, although silicosis resulting from contact with crystalline silica is a well-known hazard associated with progressive pulmonary fibrosis. Here we describe a patient with pneumoconiosis induced by diatomaceous earth composed of amorphous silica detected by two-dimensional imaging of chemical(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS We describe a novel model of insulin-deficient diabetes with a single copy of the gene encoding insulin 1 (Ins1) and no gene encoding insulin 2 (Ins2). MATERIALS AND METHODS We constructed five lines of mice: mice with two copies of Ins1 (NOD( Ins1+/+,Ins2-/-)), mice with a single copy of Ins1 (NOD( Ins1+/-,Ins2-/-)), mice with two copies(More)
The complete nucleotide sequence of the beta-xylosidase gene (xynB) of Bacillus pumilus IPO and its flanking regions was established. A 1617-bp open reading frame for beta-xylosidase, a homodimer enzyme, was observed. The amino acid sequence of the N-terminal region and the molecular mass 62607 Da) of the beta-xylosidase subunit, deduced from the DNA(More)
In order to assess the incidence of HIV mixed infection as well as to clarify the molecular epidemiology of HIV in central Africa, we investigated 43 HIVs obtained from 211 Cameroonian AC, ARC, and AIDS patients in 1994 and 1995. Part of the pol region and part of the env region were phylogenetically analyzed. The genotypes observed were varied: of 43(More)