Hiroshi Moriyama

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We investigated the effect of the position of electrodes relative to the innervation zone (IZ) of the biceps brachii muscle during isometric elbow flexion using eight-channel surface array electrodes. We estimated the location of the IZ near the centre of the muscle in 20 male subjects. The pulse peaks from electromyogram (EMG) waveforms were detected for(More)
We examined cross-sectional areas of Meissner's corpuscles to evaluate the changes in their morphology and density that occur during the aging process. Our study of 10 tissue specimens from the right index finger pulp of 10 males, showed that both the size and the number of Meissner's corpuscles decrease with age. We claim greater accuracy in our data(More)
Morphological study of the lower limb muscles is necessary for the analysis of muscle function and its relation to the aging process. In this study, we measured the muscle weight and the muscle fiber morphometry (cross-sectional area and total number of muscle fibers at the muscular belly, and muscle fiber size) of the human lower limb in an adult Japanese(More)
BACKGROUND Hard metal lung disease has various pathological patterns including giant cell interstitial pneumonia (GIP) and usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). Although the UIP pattern is considered the prominent feature in advanced disease, it is unknown whether GIP finally progresses to the UIP pattern. OBJECTIVES To clarify clinical, pathological and(More)
Orthodontic tooth movement is known to cause pain and discomfort to patients. Mechanically induced inflammatory responses in the periodontium are assumed to be related to the mechanism of pain sensation. An immediate-early gene, c-fos, that is expressed within some neurons following synaptic activation, is widely used as a marker for neuronal activity(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer, vitamin D receptor (VDR) polymorphisms and haplotypes are reported to be associated with survival. We hypothesized that a similar association would be observed in patients with head and neck squamous-cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS In a post-hoc analysis of our previous prospective cohort(More)
Deregulation of the EGFR signaling pathway is one of the most frequently observed genetic abnormalities that drives cancer development. Although mutations in the downstream components of the EGFR signaling pathway, including KRAS, BRAF and PIK3CA, have been reported in numerous cancers, extensive mutation and copy number analysis of these genes in clinical(More)
The testis is an organ with immune privilege. The comprehensive blood-testis barrier formed by Sertoli cells protects autoimmunogenic spermatozoa and spermatids from attack by the body's immune system. The interleukin (IL)-6/IL-12 family cytokines IL-12 (p35/p40), IL-23 (p19/p40), IL-27 (p28/Epstein-Barr virus-induced gene 3 [EBI3]), and IL-35 (p35/EBI3)(More)
Morphometric analyses were carried out to reveal a relation between age and axonal changes in the lateral corticospinal tract (LCST) at the L1 level of the human spinal cord. Histological preparations of the spinal cord were made after embedding in celloidin to stain with Luxol fast blue-periodic acid-Schiff-hematoxylin or Klüver-Barrera methods. The(More)
OBJECTIVE Harmonic complex tones consisting of four or more continuous harmonics of a certain stem frequency are perceived as the pitch of the fundamental frequency tone, it is referred to as the missing fundamental phenomenon (MFP). It is considered that the MFP is produced in the central auditory system, not in the periphery. However, it remains unclear(More)