Hiroshi Mizuta

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The present study demonstrates the existence of cholecystokinin-like immunoreactive (CCKI) neurons in the rat neostriatum. Light and electron microscopic findings suggest that these CCKI cells correspond to 'medium-size aspiny neurons' classified by Golgi studies.
Prophet of Pit-1 (Prop-1), which is a paired-like homeodomain transcription factor, is capable of binding to sites in an early enhancer of the Pit-1 gene and regulating its expression. According to a previous report, Prop-1 messenger RNA (mRNA) is expressed in the developing pituitary gland before Pit-1 mRNA expression and maximum expression are observed at(More)
The expression of neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) in skeletal muscles was measured in rats with streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes using Northern blot analysis. At 6 weeks after STZ induction of diabetes, the NT-3 mRNA level in the quadriceps and gastrocnemius muscles was decreased by 45 and 77%, respectively, compared with that in age-matched controls. Since NT-3(More)
Danforth's short tail (Sd) is a semidominant mutation on mouse chromosome 2, characterized by spinal defects, urogenital defects, and anorectal malformations. However, the gene responsible for the Sd phenotype was unknown. In this study, we identified the molecular basis of the Sd mutation. By positional cloning, we identified the insertion of an early(More)
We investigated the incidence of each pattern of the communications between the musculocutaneous and median nerves and discussed its morphological significance. The communications between both nerves were seen in 188 (41.5%) of 453 specimens. They were classified into five regular patterns according to their directions and formations. The incidence of the(More)
We performed an in vivo radiographic analysis of tibiofemoral and polyethylene (PE) insert motions during weight-bearing kneeling beyond 120° of flexion in one high-flexion knee arthroplasty design to determine if kinematics changed over time and if axial rotation occur between the PE insert and the tibial baseplate. Twenty knees implanted with a(More)
The impact of dopant atoms in transistor functionality has significantly changed over the past few decades. In downscaled transistors, discrete dopants with uncontrolled positions and number induce fluctuations in device operation. On the other hand, by gaining access to tunneling through individual dopants, a new type of devices is developed:(More)
Chronic inflammation and subsequent fibrosis induced by mechanical stress play an important role in ligamentum flavum (LF) hypertrophy and degeneration in patients with lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LSCS). Angiopoietin-like protein 2 (Angptl2) is a chronic inflammatory mediator induced under various pathological conditions and increases the expression of(More)
Bone metastasis of breast cancer cells is a major concern, as it causes increased morbidity and mortality in patients. Bone tissue-derived CXCL12 preferentially recruits breast cancer cells expressing CXCR4 to bone metastatic sites. Thus, understanding how CXCR4 expression is regulated in breast cancer cells could suggest approaches to decrease bone(More)
Achieving very deep flexion after total knee arthroplasty is an important goal of most patients in Japan, Asia, and the Middle East because of floor-sitting lifestyles. Numerous knee arthroplasty designs have been introduced to permit high flexion. We performed an in vivo radiographic analysis of tibiofemoral motions during weight-bearing kneeling in one(More)