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Although the existence of the receptor for secretin in the brain was suggested, the localization of secretin receptor and the neuronal function of secretin have not been clarified yet. In the present study, the localization of secretin receptor was investigated in the rat brain by using an in vitro autoradiography technique. Frozen section autoradiography(More)
UNLABELLED P-glycoprotein (P-gp) plays a pivotal role in limiting the penetration of xenobiotic compounds into the brain at the blood-brain barrier (BBB), where its expression increases with maturation in rats. We investigated developmental changes in P-gp function in the BBB of nonhuman primates using PET with R-(11)C-verapamil, a PET radiotracer useful(More)
Epigenetic modifications mediated by histone deacetylases (HDACs) play important roles in the mechanisms of different neurologic diseases and HDAC inhibitors (HDACIs) have shown promise in therapy. However, pharmacodynamic profiles of many HDACIs in the brain remain largely unknown due to the lack of validated methods for noninvasive imaging of HDAC(More)
Extensive pharmacological studies have recently emerged indicating that group 2 metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) comprising mGluR2 and mGluR3 subtypes are associated with several neurological and psychiatric disorders. mGluR2 is widely distributed both presynaptically and postsynaptically in a variety of neuronal cells, but the physiological role(More)
BACKGROUND Cholinergic cell loss in the basal forebrain, the major source of hippocampal cholinergic projections, has been implicated in Alzheimer's disease. OBJECTIVE To examine whether the septohippocampal pathway is involved in tauopathy model mice and to elucidate the tau-associated mechanism underlying cholinergic alteration. METHODS Adult (6 to 8(More)
UNLABELLED In vivo imaging, such as PET, requires restriction of body movements and is generally conducted under sedation by anesthetic agents in studies using laboratory animals. Because anesthetics reduce neural activity and metabolism, physiologic neural functions are difficult to assess in animal PET studies. Therefore, use of an appropriate method in(More)
Ketamine is a unique anesthetic reagent known to produce various psychotic symptoms. Ketamine has recently been reported to elicit a long-lasting antidepressant effect in patients with major depression. Although recent studies provide insight into the molecular mechanisms of the effects of ketamine, the antidepressant mechanism has not been fully(More)
Experimentally induced changes in the central visual pathway were studied by using positron emission tomography in monkeys with unilateral hypertension glaucoma. In 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-glucose studies, monocular visual stimulation of the affected eye yielded significantly reduced neural responses in the occipital visuocortical areas. The response(More)
Tauopathies differ in terms of the brain regions that are affected. In Alzheimer's disease, basal forebrain and hippocampus are mainly involved, while frontotemporal lobar degeneration affects the frontal and temporal lobes and subcortical nuclei including striatum. Over 90% of human cases of tauopathies are sporadic, although the majority of established(More)
Lurasidone is a novel antipsychotic drug with potent binding affinity for dopamine D2 and serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT)2A, 5-HT7, and 5-HT1A receptors. Previous pharmacological studies have revealed that lurasidone exhibits a preferable profile (potent antipsychotic activity and lower incidence of catalepsy) to other antipsychotic drugs, although(More)