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Injuries in car to pedestrian collisions are affected by various factors such as the vehicle body type, pedestrian body size and impact location as well as the collision speed. This study aimed to investigate the influence of such factors taking a Finite Element (FE) approach. A total of 72 collision cases were simulated using three different vehicle FE(More)
We have developed a highly sensitive and specific method for the analysis of serum sterol profiles. Sterols in 1 mul of dried serum were derivatized into picolinyl esters (3beta-picolinate) and analyzed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) using the electrospray ionization (ESI) mode. In addition to cholesterol, 19 cholesterol(More)
We have developed a new sensitive and specific nonradioisotope assay method to measure the activity of HMG-CoA reductase, the rate-controlling enzyme in the cholesterol biosynthetic pathway. This method was based upon a stable isotope dilution technique by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry using electrospray ionization in positive mode.(More)
We describe a highly sensitive and specific method for the quantification of serum 7alpha-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one (C4), which has been used as a biomarker for bile acid biosynthesis. This method is based upon a stable isotope dilution technique by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). C4 was extracted from human serum (2-50 mul) by a(More)
We developed a mechano-cell model incorporating a cell membrane, a nuclear envelope, and actin filaments to simulate the mechanical behavior of a cell during tensile tests. The computational model depicts a cell as a combination of various spring elements in the framework of the minimum energy concept. A cell membrane and a nuclear envelope are both modeled(More)
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is a naturally occurring steroid synthesized in the adrenal cortex, gonads, brain, and gastrointestinal tract, and it is known to have chemopreventive and anti-proliferative actions on tumors. These effects are considered to be induced by the inhibition of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) and/or HMG-CoA reductase (HMGR)(More)
We developed a method to reconstruct cell geometry from confocal fluorescence microscopy images of the cytoskeleton. In the method, region growing was implemented twice. First, it was applied to the extracellular regions to differentiate them from intracellular noncytoskeletal regions, which both appear black in fluorescence microscopy imagery, and then to(More)
The role of actin filaments and microtubules in 3D cell morphology was investigated using confocal laser scanning microscopy and image analysis based on a region-growing method. Fibroblasts were treated with cytochalasin D or colchicine to disrupt the actin filaments or microtubules, respectively, and the structure and distribution of these cytoskeletal(More)
The advance of UML® 2.0 standardization work by OMG™ provides a good opportunity for ODP community to leverage UML 2.0 to show the value of ODP. In this paper, we examine issues in applying UML 2.0 to ODP Engineering and Technology Viewpoint Languages, and show how we may be able to use UML to represent those ODP Viewpoint specifications.