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This introductory review briefly describes the history of medaka as a research organism and the previous accomplishments of the medaka field. The medaka genome project currently underway through the efforts of an international consortium, the Medaka Genome Initiative, and the future prospects for medaka research, particularly for genomic analyses, are also(More)
A variety of visual pigment repertoires present in fish species is believed due to the great variation under the water of light environment. A complete set of visual opsin genes has been isolated and characterized for absorption spectra and expression in the retina only in zebrafish. Medaka (Oryzias latipes) is a fish species phylogenetically distant from(More)
The medaka (Oryzias latipes), a tiny fish, has been an excellent experimental model for molecular and developmental genetics, and is expected for being a "vertebrate" model animal for population genetics, because 1) there is abundant within-species variation, and 2) the whole genome sequence has been determined for one of the inbred strains. In spite of its(More)
The mapping of Hox clusters and many duplicated genes in zebrafish indicated an extra whole-genome duplication in ray-fined fish. However, to reconstruct the preduplication chromosomes (proto-chromosomes), the comparative genomic studies of more distantly related teleosts are essential. Medaka and zebrafish are ideal for this purpose, because their lineages(More)
The bodies of most teleost fish species are covered with specialized subepithelial structures known as scales. The scale is an epithelial appendage that differentiates from the dermal mesenchyme. Mammals, on the other hand, have no scales, but instead their bodies are covered with hair. Although their appearances are quite different, scales and hair can be(More)
Nanoparticles are being widely investigated for a range of applications due to their unique physical properties. For example, silver nanoparticles are used in commercial products for their antibacterial and antifungal properties. Some of these products are likely to result in silver nanoparticles reaching the aquatic environment. As such, nanoparticles pose(More)
At midblastula transition (MBT), zygotic gene transcription is activated, cells become motile and cell division becomes asynchronous. The onset of the medaka (Oryzias latipes) MBT was examined using expressed sequence tag (EST) markers. Among 187 randomly chosen medaka EST markers, 33 EST markers and two genes (eIF-4C and hsc70) showed polymorphisms in(More)
With recent improvements in genetic and genomic infrastructures, great interest has been taken in genetic dissection of multi-factorial traits. A genetic map consisting of markers that are highly polymorphic and rapidly genotyped is essential for the genetic mapping of such a complex trait. Medaka, Oryzias latipes, is an excellent model system for genetic(More)
The draft genome data of Medaka Oryzias latipes shows that it has distinct intraspecific genetic variation. To survey the genetic variations contributing to environmental adaptation, we focused on the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). The complete mtDNA sequences of Medaka were compared among 8 local population stocks and 4 inbred strains established from(More)
TLR22 occurs exclusively in aquatic animals and its role is unknown. Herein we show that the fugu (Takifugu rubripes) (fg)TLR3 and fgTLR22 link the IFN-inducing pathway via the fg Toll-IL-1R homology domain-containing adaptor protein 1(fgTICAM-1, or TRIF) adaptor in fish cells. fgTLR3 resides in endoplasmic reticulum and recognizes relatively short-sized(More)