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This introductory review briefly describes the history of medaka as a research organism and the previous accomplishments of the medaka field. The medaka genome project currently underway through the efforts of an international consortium, the Medaka Genome Initiative, and the future prospects for medaka research, particularly for genomic analyses, are also(More)
The mapping of Hox clusters and many duplicated genes in zebrafish indicated an extra whole-genome duplication in ray-fined fish. However, to reconstruct the preduplication chromosomes (proto-chromosomes), the comparative genomic studies of more distantly related teleosts are essential. Medaka and zebrafish are ideal for this purpose, because their lineages(More)
Natriuretic peptides (NPs) are major cardiovascular and osmoregulatory hormones in vertebrates. Although tetrapods generally have three subtypes, atrial NP (ANP), B-type NP (BNP), and C-type NP (CNP), some teleosts lack BNP, and sharks and hagfish have only one NP. Thus, NPs have diverged during fish evolution, possibly reflecting changes in osmoregulatory(More)
A variety of visual pigment repertoires present in fish species is believed due to the great variation under the water of light environment. A complete set of visual opsin genes has been isolated and characterized for absorption spectra and expression in the retina only in zebrafish. Medaka (Oryzias latipes) is a fish species phylogenetically distant from(More)
Mouse phospholipase C, zeta 1 (PLCZ1), a strong candidate of egg-activating sperm factor, induces Ca(2+) oscillations and accumulates into formed pronucleus (PN) when expressed by cRNA injection. These activities were compared among mouse and human PLCZ1, newly cloned rat Plcz1, and medaka fish plcz1. The PLCZ1 proteins of the four species have an(More)
The medaka (Oryzias latipes), a tiny fish, has been an excellent experimental model for molecular and developmental genetics, and is expected for being a "vertebrate" model animal for population genetics, because 1) there is abundant within-species variation, and 2) the whole genome sequence has been determined for one of the inbred strains. In spite of its(More)
TLR22 occurs exclusively in aquatic animals and its role is unknown. Herein we show that the fugu (Takifugu rubripes) (fg)TLR3 and fgTLR22 link the IFN-inducing pathway via the fg Toll-IL-1R homology domain-containing adaptor protein 1(fgTICAM-1, or TRIF) adaptor in fish cells. fgTLR3 resides in endoplasmic reticulum and recognizes relatively short-sized(More)
Species-specific colors and patterns on animal body surfaces are determined primarily by neural-crest-derived pigment cells in the skin (chromatophores). However, even closely related species display widely differing patterns. These contrasting aspects of chromatophores (i.e., the fixed developmental control within species and extreme diversity among(More)
Nanoparticles are being widely investigated for a range of applications due to their unique physical properties. For example, silver nanoparticles are used in commercial products for their antibacterial and antifungal properties. Some of these products are likely to result in silver nanoparticles reaching the aquatic environment. As such, nanoparticles pose(More)
At midblastula transition (MBT), zygotic gene transcription is activated, cells become motile and cell division becomes asynchronous. The onset of the medaka (Oryzias latipes) MBT was examined using expressed sequence tag (EST) markers. Among 187 randomly chosen medaka EST markers, 33 EST markers and two genes (eIF-4C and hsc70) showed polymorphisms in(More)