Learn More
We report the interaction between a human centromere antigen and an alphoid DNA, a human centromeric satellite DNA, which consists of 170-bp repeating units. A cloned alphoid DNA fragment incubated with a HeLa cell nuclear extract is selectively immunoprecipitated by the anticentromere sera from scleroderma patients. Immunoprecipitation of the DNA made by(More)
To construct a mammalian artificial chromosome (MAC), telomere repeats and selectable markers were introduced into a 100 kb yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) containing human centromeric DNA. This YAC, which has a regular repeat structure of alpha-satellite DNA and centromere protein B (CENP-B) boxes, efficiently formed MACs that segregated accurately and(More)
DNA breaks are extremely harmful lesions that need to be repaired efficiently throughout the genome. However, the packaging of DNA into nucleosomes is a significant barrier to DNA repair, and the mechanisms of repair in the context of chromatin are poorly understood. Here we show that lysine 56 (K56) acetylation is an abundant modification of newly(More)
BACKGROUND Acetylation of histone H3 lysine 56 (K56Ac) occurs transiently in newly synthesized H3 during passage through S phase and is removed in G2. However, the physiologic roles and effectors of K56Ac turnover are unknown. RESULTS The sirtuins Hst3p and, to a lesser extent, Hst4p maintain low levels of K56Ac outside of S phase. In hst3 hst4 mutants,(More)
Calpains (calcium-dependent cytoplasmic cysteine proteinases) are implicated in processes such as cytoskeleton remodeling and signal transduction. The 2.3-A crystal structure of full-length heterodimeric [80-kDa (dI-dIV) + 30-kDa (dV+dVI)] human m-calpain crystallized in the absence of calcium reveals an oval disc-like shape, with the papain-like catalytic(More)
The long-range organization of alphoid DNA arrays of human chromosome 21 was investigated using a mouse-human somatic cell hybrid. Two distinct long alphoid DNA arrays, the loci alpha 21-I and alpha 21-II, were identified in the centromere region of human chromosome 21. The alpha 21-I locus, composed of an array of 11 monomer repeat units (the 11 mer), was(More)
The DPB11 gene, which genetically interacts with DNA polymerase II (epsilon), one of three replicative DNA polymerases, is required for DNA replication and the S phase checkpoint in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. To identify factors interacting with Dbp11, we have isolated sld (synthetically lethal with dpb11-1) mutations which fall into six complementation(More)
The human centromere proteins A (CENP-A) and B (CENP-B) are the fundamental centromere components of chromosomes. CENP-A is the centromere-specific histone H3 variant, and CENP-B specifically binds a 17-base pair sequence (the CENP-B box), which appears within every other alpha-satellite DNA repeat. In the present study, we demonstrated centromere-specific(More)
Dpb11 is required for chromosomal DNA replication and the S-phase checkpoint in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Here, we report detection of a physical complex containing Dpb11 and DNA polymerase epsilon (Dpb11-Polepsilon complex). During the S phase of the cell cycle, Dpb11 associated preferentially with DNA fragments containing autonomously replicating(More)
This is a clinical safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), and pharmacodynamics (PD) study of a single ascending dose (SAD) and a multiple ascending dose (MAD) of the oral direct factor Xa inhibitor edoxaban in healthy males. The placebo-controlled, single-blind, randomized, 2-part study consists of a SAD arm with 85 subjects (10, 30, 60, 90, 120, 150(More)