Hiroshi M. Ueno

Learn More
Multiple lines of evidence from molecular studies indicate that individual taste qualities are encoded by distinct taste receptor cells. In contrast, many physiological studies have found that a significant proportion of taste cells respond to multiple taste qualities. To reconcile this apparent discrepancy and to identify taste cells that underlie each(More)
Many biological motor molecules move within cells using stepsizes predictable from their structures. Myosin VI, however, has much larger and more broadly distributed stepsizes than those predicted from its short lever arms. We explain the discrepancy by monitoring Qdots and gold nanoparticles attached to the myosin-VI motor domains using high-sensitivity(More)
The V1- and F1- rotary ATPases contain a rotor that rotates against a catalytic A3B3 or α3β3 stator. The rotor F(1-γ) or V1-DF is composed of both anti-parallel coiled coil and globular-loop parts. The bacterial flagellar type III export apparatus contains a V1/F1-like ATPase ring structure composed of FliI6 homo-hexamer and FliJ which adopts an(More)
OBJECTIVE Panitumumab was approved in Japan in April 2010 for the treatment of Kirsten rat sarcoma-2 virus oncogene wild-type unresectable and recurrent colorectal cancer. We conducted a post-marketing surveillance study to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of panitumumab. METHODS After panitumumab was commercially available in Japan, all patients to(More)
The abnormal deposition of amyloids by amyloid-β protein (Aβ) is a pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Aged rodents rarely develop the characteristic lesions of the disease, which is different from the case in humans. Rodent Aβ (rAβ) differs from human Aβ (hAβ) only in the three substitutions of Arg to Gly, Tyr to Phe, and His to Arg at(More)
An 8-year-old neutered female Cavalier King Charles spaniel was evaluated for progressing right forelimb lameness. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed that the right-side radial nerves and the caudal brachial plexus were swollen. The histological and molecular biological diagnosis by partial biopsy of the C8 spinal nerve was T-cell lymphoma.(More)
Glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) is an enzyme that synthesizes gamma-aminobutyrate (GABA), a major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. Post-translational modification of GAD, such as N-terminal blockage, phosphorylation-dephosphorylation, and palmitoylation, is an important factor in the biological activity of GAD. In order to address(More)
Lactoferrin (Lf) can solubilize more than a 70-fold molar equivalent of iron in the presence of bicarbonate anions. Iron solubilized by Lf (FeLf) is a useful food product for iron fortification, preventing anaemia with no risk of toxicity. However, the mechanism underlying this iron solubilization is not yet well understood. The objective of this study was(More)
F1-ATPase (F1) is a rotary motor protein that can efficiently convert chemical energy to mechanical work of rotation via fine coordination of its conformational motions and reaction sequences. Compared with reactant binding and product release, the ATP hydrolysis has relatively little contributions to the torque and chemical energy generation. To scrutinize(More)
In the phenomenon known as cross-modal plasticity, the loss of one sensory system is followed by improved functioning of other intact sensory systems. MRI and functional MRI studies suggested a role of the prefrontal cortex and the temporal lobe in cross-modal plasticity. We used a mouse model to examine the effects of sensory deprivation achieved by(More)