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We evaluated the pharmacological profile of ritobegron [KUC-7483; (-)-ethyl 2-[4-(2-{[(1S,2R)-2-hydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-methylethyl]amino}ethyl)-2,5-dimethylphenyloxy]acetate monohydrochloride] and its effects on the bladder in cynomolgus monkeys by in vitro and in vivo experiments. In vitro, ritobegron decreased the resting tension of the isolated(More)
We performed in vitro and in vivo experiments to evaluate the pharmacological profile of ritobegron and its effects on the bladder in rats. β3-AR selectivity was assessed using CHO cells expressing various subtypes of the human β-adrenoceptor (AR). Effects on isolated organs were evaluated using the organ-bath method. Effects on intravesical pressure, heart(More)
The low-affinity sodium glucose cotransporter (SGLT2) is responsible for most of the glucose reabsorption in the kidney and has been highlighted as a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of diabetes. We discovered sergliflozin etabonate, a novel selective SGLT2 inhibitor, and found that selective inhibition of SGLT2 increased urinary glucose excretion(More)
We investigated the direct effects of various bisphosphonates on osteoblasts. At 10(-5) M, clodronate increased alkaline phosphatase activity in cultured MC3T3-E1 (osteoblast-like line) and ST2 (pluripotent mesenchymal line) cells. Etidronate significantly increased alkaline phosphatase activity at 10(-5) M only in MC3T3-E1 cells. These effects were due to(More)
Over 16 months, we evaluated the effects of ovariectomy (OVX) and bisphosphonate clodronate (CLO) on bone in 48 cynomolgus monkeys (9-15 years old) fed a normal calcium diet. We established three OVX groups (oral CLO at 0 [OVX control], 12, or 60 mg/kg per day) and one sham-operated (SHAM) group. At 16 months, the bone mineral density (BMD) values(More)
In this study, we used a coactivator-dependent receptor-ligand interaction assay (CARLA), which is a semifunctional in vitro assay, to determine whether hypolipidemic drugs are ligands for the three peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor isotypes (PPARalpha, delta, and gamma). We also evaluated the transcriptional activities of the three PPAR isotypes(More)
MAGP-36 was discovered in porcine aorta in 1989 and is thought to be one of the microfibril-associated proteins. MAGP-36 has been localized on the surface of elastic fibers or laminae in immunohistochemical studies. However, its functional role in the aorta is obscure. Herein, we report on the binding activity of MAGP-36 to components of the aortic wall and(More)
We investigated the mechanism of inhibitory action of tranilast, one of the anti-allergic drugs, on the release of slow reacting substance of anaphylaxis (SRS-A). Ionophore A23187 (0.5 or 0.2 micrograms/ml)-induced SRS-A release from rat peritoneal exudate cells (PEC) or human leucocytes was inhibited by tranilast (10(-5)-10(-3) M). The IC50 (the(More)
Fibrates, including bezafibrate (BF), upregulate the expression of ATP binding cassette protein B4 (ABCB4) through gene transcription in mice. To determine the effects of BF on the expression levels of ABCB4 and on the stimulation of biliary phosphatidylcholine (PC) transport in human HepG2 hepatoblastoma cells, mRNA and protein levels as well as(More)
The initial psychiatric profile of a large sample of sexually abused children who presented at an outpatient child psychiatry clinic was assessed. The results identified a wide diversity in victim responses to incest. The older the victim, the closer the relationship of the offender to the child, the greater the frequency of abuse incidents, the longer the(More)