Hiroshi Kusama

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We evaluated the pharmacological profile of ritobegron [KUC-7483; (-)-ethyl 2-[4-(2-{[(1S,2R)-2-hydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-methylethyl]amino}ethyl)-2,5-dimethylphenyloxy]acetate monohydrochloride] and its effects on the bladder in cynomolgus monkeys by in vitro and in vivo experiments. In vitro, ritobegron decreased the resting tension of the isolated(More)
The low-affinity sodium glucose cotransporter (SGLT2) is responsible for most of the glucose reabsorption in the kidney and has been highlighted as a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of diabetes. We discovered sergliflozin etabonate, a novel selective SGLT2 inhibitor, and found that selective inhibition of SGLT2 increased urinary glucose excretion(More)
In this study, we used a coactivator-dependent receptor-ligand interaction assay (CARLA), which is a semifunctional in vitro assay, to determine whether hypolipidemic drugs are ligands for the three peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor isotypes (PPARalpha, delta, and gamma). We also evaluated the transcriptional activities of the three PPAR isotypes(More)
MAGP-36 was discovered in porcine aorta in 1989 and is thought to be one of the microfibril-associated proteins. MAGP-36 has been localized on the surface of elastic fibers or laminae in immunohistochemical studies. However, its functional role in the aorta is obscure. Herein, we report on the binding activity of MAGP-36 to components of the aortic wall and(More)
Mitiglinide (KAD-1229), a new anti-diabetic drug, is thought to stimulate insulin secretion by closing the ATP-sensitive K+ (K(ATP)) channels in pancreatic beta-cells. However, its selectivity for the various K(ATP) channels is not known. In this study, we examined the effects of mitiglinide on various cloned K(ATP) channels (Kir6.2/SUR1, Kir6.2/SUR2A, and(More)
This study was performed to characterize the α1-adrenoceptor subtypes in mouse ureters as regards gene expressions and contractile functions. The mRNAs for these subtypes were quantified by the real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. In a functional study, α1-adrenoceptor antagonists were evaluated against the(More)
Restenosis after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) occurs due to vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration. Recently, tranilast, an anti-allergic drug, has been used for the prevention of restenosis after PTCA. To determine the molecular mechanism involved, the effect of tranilast on the proliferation of human coronary(More)
Over 16 months, we evaluated the effects of ovariectomy (OVX) and bisphosphonate clodronate (CLO) on bone in 48 cynomolgus monkeys (9-15 years old) fed a normal calcium diet. We established three OVX groups (oral CLO at 0 [OVX control], 12, or 60 mg/kg per day) and one sham-operated (SHAM) group. At 16 months, the bone mineral density (BMD) values(More)
OBJECTIVES To characterize the contractile functions and gene expression of the alpha(1)-adrenoceptor (AR) subtypes present in the dog intravesical ureter. METHODS In a functional study, alpha(1)-AR antagonists were evaluated against phenylephrine (alpha(1)-AR agonist)-induced contractions in dog isolated intravesical ureteral preparations. The(More)
The detection of the reactive metabolites of drugs has recently been gaining increasing importance. In vitro trapping studies using trapping agents such as glutathione are usually conducted for the detection of reactive metabolites, especially those of cytochrome P450-mediated metabolism. In order to detect the UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT)-mediated(More)