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We investigated the effects of astaxanthin on the antitumor effector activity of natural killer (NK) cells suppressed by stress in mice in order to define the immunological significance of astaxanthin (ASX) when combined with restraint stress treatment. When the mice were treated with restraint stress alone, the total number of spleen cells, and the level(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a deadly form of cancer without effective chemotherapy so far. Currently, only sorafenib, a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, slightly improves survival in HCC patients. In searching for natural anti-HCC components from toad venom, which is frequently used in the treatment of liver cancer in traditional Chinese(More)
Cardiolipin (CL) is a unique dimeric phospholipid that exists almost exclusively in the inner mitochondrial membrane (IMM) in eukaryotic cells. Two chiral carbons and four fatty acyl chains in CL result in a flexible body allowing interactions with respiratory chain complexes and mitochondrial substrate carriers. Due to its high content of unsaturated fatty(More)
Bioassay-guided fractionation of the 60% ethanol extract of the stems of Dendrobium nobile using the DPPH assay led to the isolation of two new bibenzyl derivatives, nobilin D (1) and nobilin E (2), and a new fluorenone, nobilone (3), together with seven known compounds (4-10). Their structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic analyses.(More)
This study examined the hypoglycaemic activity of Cyclocarya paliurus (Batal.) Iljinskaja (C. paliurus) in ICR mice by oral glucose tolerance testing. The blood glucose level was significantly lower in the C. paliurus extract treatment group than in the control group after animals were given sucrose. This difference was not observed following the(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the anti-obesity effects of oolong tea on diet-induced overweight or obesity. METHODS A total of 8 g of oolong tea a day for 6 weeks was ingested by 102 diet-induced overweight or obese subjects. The body fat level of the subjects was determined at the same time by taking body weight, height and waist measurements. The thickness of(More)
In the present study, we investigated the antioxidative effect of oolong tea in vitro and in vivo using the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assay. An oolong tea extract, catechin and related compounds suppressed the oxidation of fluorescence induced by AAPH in a dose-dependent manner, that is, they prolonged the antioxidant time in vitro. Oral(More)
[structure: see text] A new hemiketal steroid, named cladiellin A (1), was first isolated from the soft coral Cladiella sp. Its structure was determined by spectroscopic methods and X-ray analysis. Compound 1 easily converted to 1a when NMR spectra were measured in CDCl(3) solution and quickly changed to 1b when pyridine was used. The structures of(More)
Nine new phenylpropanoids, one new coumarin, and 43 known polyphenols were isolated from wolfberry. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic analyses, chemical methods, and comparison of NMR data. Polyphenols, an important type of natural products, are notable constituents in wolfberry. 53 polyphenols, including 28 phenylpropanoids, four coumarins,(More)
Two new sesquiterpenes, 1S*, 4R*, 5S*, 6R*, 7S*, 10S*-1(5), 6(7)-diepoxy-4-guaiol (1) and 1S*, 4S*, 5S*, 10R*-4,10-guaianediol (2) have been isolated from the ethyl acetate soluble portion of the soft coral Sinularia sp., and their stereostructure were determined by spectroscopic methods and by X-ray single crystal analysis. Both compounds showed(More)