Learn More
Adult hippocampal neural stem cells can be activated by hippocampal neural activities. When focal cerebral ischemia, known as middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), occurs, neural stem cells are activated to promote their proliferation. However, the mechanism by which these cells are activated is still unclear. Here, we indicate the involvement of(More)
In the retina, both neurons and glia differentiate from a common progenitor population. CD44 cell surface antigen is a hyaluronic acid receptor expressed on mature Müller glial cells. We found that in the developing mouse retina, expression of CD44 was transiently observed at or around birth in a subpopulation of c-kit-positive retinal progenitor cells.(More)
Adult hippocampal neurogenesis contributes to the hippocampal circuit's role in cognitive functioning. New neurons are generated from hippocampal neural stem cells (NSCs) throughout life, but their generation is substantially diminished in aged animals due to a decrease in NSC proliferation. Because acetylcholine (ACh) is an important neurotransmitter(More)
Di- and trimethylation of lysine 27 on histone H3 (H3K27me2/3) is an important gene repression mechanism. H3K27me2/3-specific demethylase, Jmjd3, was expressed in the inner nuclear layer during late retinal development. In contrast, H3K27 methyltransferase, Ezh2, was highly expressed in the embryonic retina but its expression decreased rapidly after birth.(More)
To analyze cell lineage-specific transitions in global transcriptional and epigenetic changes during retinogenesis, we purified retinal cells from normal mice during postnatal development into two fractions, namely, photoreceptors and other retinal cells, based on Cd73 expression, and performed RNA sequencing and ChIP sequencing of H3K27me3 and H3K4me3.(More)
This paper discusses the internationalization of the X Window System developed by the MIT X consortium. The main purpose is to enable X Window System Release 4 (X11R4) and earlier versions to support Asian languages, primarily Japanese, Chinese, and Korean. Unlike English and other European-based languages, Asian languages involve idiographic character(More)
PURPOSE We previously found that Kcnj10, an inwardly-rectifying potassium channel, is a gene expressed in c-kit-positive retinal progenitor cells on P1. The shRNA-mediated screening of the functions of the genes for retinal development in retinal explant culture suggested a role for Kcnj10 in the differentiation of 23Müller glia. In the present study, we(More)
A multilingual Input/Output (1/0) system has been designed based on topological studies of writing conventions of major world languages. Designed as a lay-ered structure, it unifies common features of writing conventions and is intended to ease international and local function alities. The input module of the intern a-tzonalizatzon layer converts phonograms(More)
Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) plays pivotal roles in early retinal development. However, its roles in the late phase of retinal development remain unclear. We found that BMP receptors and ligands were expressed in the postnatal mouse retina. Furthermore, immunostaining revealed that phosphorylated Smads were enriched in various cells types in the inner(More)
Purpose Forkhead box protein P1 (Foxp1) is a transcriptional repressor expressed in many tissues. We identified Foxp1 as a highly expressed gene in retinal progenitor cells and investigated its roles during eye development. Methods Mouse eyes with Foxp1 gain- or loss-of-function were established in vitro and in vivo. Results Foxp1 overexpression in(More)