Hiroshi Kuga

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It is known that 7-ethyl-10-[4-(1-piperidino)-1-piperidino]carbonyloxycamptothecin (CPT-11), a semisynthesized derivative of camptothecin (CPT), has a potent antitumor activity in vivo, but 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38), a metabolite of CPT-11, shows much stronger cytotoxicity in vitro than CPT-11. In this study, we demonstrated that the relaxation(More)
1. Our previous in vitro studies suggest that inhibition of the acylpeptide hydrolase (APEH) activity as valproic acid glucuronide (VPA-G) hydrolase by carbapenems in human liver cytosol is a key process for clinical drug-drug interaction (DDI) of valproic acid (VPA) with carbapenems. Here, we investigated whether in vivo DDI of VPA with meropenem (MEPM)(More)
A camptothecin derivative, 7-ethyl-10-[4-(1-piperidino)-1-piperidino]carbonyloxycamptothecin (CPT-11), shows a potent antitumour activity in experimental tumour models and in clinical trials. However, CPT-11 induced early diarrhoea and vomiting at high dose levels in clinical studies and showed an acetylcholine-like action on the guinea-pig ileum and(More)
A novel drug delivery system (DDS) compound was formed by binding doxorubicin hydrochloride (DXR) to the macromolecular carrier carboxymethyldextran polyalcohol (CM-Dex-PA) via the peptidyl spacer (GGFG: Gly-Gly-Phe-Gly). Its use in a murine tumor model confirmed that the DDS (CM-Dex-PA-GGFG-DXR) was retained in the blood and distributed in tumor tissue.(More)
DE-310 is a novel macromolecular prodrug of the topoisomerase-I inhibitor DX-8951. DX-8951 is covalently linked to carboxymethyl dextran polyalcohol (CM-Dex-PA) via a Gly-Gly-Phe-Gly (GGFG) tetrapeptide spacer. The present study was conducted to identify the portions of DX-8951 linked to DE-310, as well as to quantify the number of DX-8951 molecules(More)
DE-310, a new macromolecular prodrug, was designed to enhance the pharmacological profiles of a novel camptothecin analog (DX-8951f), and a single treatment with DE-310 exhibits a similar or greater therapeutic effect than do optimally scheduled multiple administrations of DX-8951f in several types of tumors. In this study, the drug-release mechanism by(More)
Jietacins A and B, new azoxy antibiotics, were isolated from the culture broth of a streptomycete. The antibiotics have the molecular formulae of C18H34N2O2 and C19H36N2O2, respectively. Both possess an azoxy group. They have potent activity against the pine wood nematode, Bursaphelenchus lignicolus, and are weakly active against some fungi.
A soil isolate named as Micromonospora echinospora subsp. armeniaca subsp. nov. KMR-593 was found to produce at least five related antibiotics, clostomicins, active against Gram-positive bacteria including anaerobes. From the physico-chemical properties, one of these components was identified with lipiarmycin and others were found to be new antibiotics.(More)
We previously reported that DX-8951f, a novel water-soluble camptothecin analog, significantly inhibits the growth of various human and murine tumors in vitro and in vivo. The antitumor effects and topoisomerase I inhibitory activity of DX-8951f are stronger than those of other current camptothecin analogs. In this study, we established an SN-38-resistant(More)
DE-310 is composed of the topoisomerase-I inhibitor DX-8951 (exatecan) and carboxymethyldextran polyalcohol (CM-Dex-PA) carrier, which are covalently linked via peptidyl spacer (Gly-Gly-Phe-Gly). In this study, we investigated relationship between the cathepsin activity and the drug release of DE-310 by use of human liver origin cathepsin (B, L and H) and(More)