Hiroshi Kuga

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It is known that 7-ethyl-10-[4-(1-piperidino)-1-piperidino]carbonyloxycamptothecin (CPT-11), a semisynthesized derivative of camptothecin (CPT), has a potent antitumor activity in vivo, but 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38), a metabolite of CPT-11, shows much stronger cytotoxicity in vitro than CPT-11. In this study, we demonstrated that the relaxation(More)
A camptothecin derivative, 7-ethyl-10-[4-(1-piperidino)-1-piperidino]carbonyloxycamptothecin (CPT-11), shows a potent antitumour activity in experimental tumour models and in clinical trials. However, CPT-11 induced early diarrhoea and vomiting at high dose levels in clinical studies and showed an acetylcholine-like action on the guinea-pig ileum and(More)
A soil isolate named as Micromonospora echinospora subsp. armeniaca subsp. nov. KMR-593 was found to produce at least five related antibiotics, clostomicins, active against Gram-positive bacteria including anaerobes. From the physico-chemical properties, one of these components was identified with lipiarmycin and others were found to be new antibiotics.(More)
In the course of our study to determine the cross-sensitivity between CPT-11 and its active metabolite, SN-38, we found a SN-38-resistant human pancreatic tumor cell line, QGP-1N, which shows sensitivity to CPT-11. The IC50 of SN-38 was 152 times greater for QGP-1N than for SUIT-2, also a human pancreatic tumor cell line, whose IC50 of CPT-11 was similar to(More)
We previously reported that DX-8951f, a novel water-soluble camptothecin analog, significantly inhibits the growth of various human and murine tumors in vitro and in vivo. The antitumor effects and topoisomerase I inhibitory activity of DX-8951f are stronger than those of other current camptothecin analogs. In this study, we established an SN-38-resistant(More)
1. Our previous in vitro studies suggest that inhibition of the acylpeptide hydrolase (APEH) activity as valproic acid glucuronide (VPA-G) hydrolase by carbapenems in human liver cytosol is a key process for clinical drug-drug interaction (DDI) of valproic acid (VPA) with carbapenems. Here, we investigated whether in vivo DDI of VPA with meropenem (MEPM)(More)
A novel drug delivery system (DDS) compound was formed by binding doxorubicin hydrochloride (DXR) to the macromolecular carrier carboxymethyldextran polyalcohol (CM-Dex-PA) via the peptidyl spacer (GGFG: Gly-Gly-Phe-Gly). Its use in a murine tumor model confirmed that the DDS (CM-Dex-PA-GGFG-DXR) was retained in the blood and distributed in tumor tissue.(More)
DE-310 is a novel macromolecular prodrug of the topoisomerase-I inhibitor DX-8951. DX-8951 is covalently linked to carboxymethyl dextran polyalcohol (CM-Dex-PA) via a Gly-Gly-Phe-Gly (GGFG) tetrapeptide spacer. The present study was conducted to identify the portions of DX-8951 linked to DE-310, as well as to quantify the number of DX-8951 molecules(More)
DE-310, a new macromolecular prodrug, was designed to enhance the pharmacological profiles of a novel camptothecin analog (DX-8951f), and a single treatment with DE-310 exhibits a similar or greater therapeutic effect than do optimally scheduled multiple administrations of DX-8951f in several types of tumors. In this study, the drug-release mechanism by(More)