Hiroshi Kiwada

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Steric stabilization of the surface of liposomes by a PEG conjugated lipid results in reduced recognition of the liposomes by the cells of the mononuclear phagocyte system and consequently extended their circulation times (t(1/2) approximately 20h in rat). Recently, we reported on the "accelerated blood clearance phenomenon", causing "invisible" PEGylated(More)
We and a Dutch group reported that "empty" PEGylated liposomes (approximately 100 nm) lose their long-circulating characteristic when they are administrated twice in the same animal with certain intervals (referred to as the accelerated blood clearance (ABC) phenomenon). Very recently, we showed that anti-PEG IgM, induced by the first dose of "empty"(More)
The over-expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) has been associated with the development of multidrug resistance (MDR) in cancer cells. In this study, we examined whether transferrin receptor (Tf-R) targeted liposomes can efficiently deliver encapsulated doxorubicin (DXR) into MDR cells (SBC-3/ADM) via Tf-R-mediated endocytosis thus overcoming MDR by(More)
The clearance rate of liposomal drugs from the circulation is determined by the rate and extent of both drug release and uptake of liposomes by cells of the mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS). Intravenously injected liposomes initially come into contact with serum proteins. The interaction of liposomes with serum proteins is thought to play a critical role(More)
It is well known that steric stabilization of the surface of liposomes by a polyethyleneglycol (PEG) conjugated lipid results in reduced recognition of the liposomes by the cells of the mononuclear phagocyte system and consequently extended circulation times of the liposomes (t1/2 approximately 20 h in rat). Recently, we reported on the "accelerated blood(More)
Polyethylene glycol-modified liposomes (PEGylated liposomes) represent promising carrier systems for therapeutic agents. Herein, we report on a study of the effect of repeated injection of PEGylated liposomes on their pharmacokinetics in rats. The first dose resulted in a reduction in the circulation time and an increase in hepatic accumulation of the(More)
Large multilamellar vesicles (MLV) composed of hydrogenated egg phosphatidylcholine (HEPC), cholesterol (CH), and dicetyl phosphate (DCP) rapidly release part of an entrapped aqueous marker when incubated with fresh rat plasma and thus have severely limited usefulness as drug carriers. The mechanisms causing the instability of liposomes in plasma were(More)
The "accelerated blood clearance (ABC) phenomenon", causing PEGylated liposomes to be cleared very rapidly from the circulation upon repeated injection, has been reported to occur in rodents and rhesus monkeys. This rapid clearance was reported to be caused by the binding of PEG-specific IgM, which was generated by the first dose of injected liposomes, to(More)
We recently reported that intravenous injections of "empty" PEGylated liposomes without encapsulated or surface coupled proteins elicit a PEG-specific IgM response in rats. In the present study, simultaneous weak anti-PEG IgG and strong anti-PEG IgM responses were detected following intravenous injections of "empty" PEGylated liposomes. The pattern of(More)
We recently reported that a second dose of polyethylene glycol (PEG) (M.W. 2000)-modified liposomes (mPEG2000-liposomes) is rapidly cleared from the blood and accumulates in the liver when injected twice in the same rat or mouse at several-day intervals (referred to as the "accelerated blood clearance (ABC) phenomenon"). In the present study we observed(More)