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Human beta1,3-glucuronyltransferase I (GlcAT-I) is a central enzyme in the initial steps of proteoglycan synthesis. GlcAT-I transfers a glucuronic acid moiety from the uridine diphosphate-glucuronic acid (UDP-GlcUA) to the common linkage region trisaccharide Gal beta 1-3Gal beta 1-4Xyl covalently bound to a Ser residue at the glycosaminylglycan attachment(More)
1. Changes in excitability of the motor cortex induced by a transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) were examined by simultaneous recording of the evoked corticospinal volley and the compound surface electromyographic (EMG) response in the biceps brachii following paired-pulse TMS in five conscious subjects. The effects of a varying interstimulus interval(More)
Two isolates of mecA-positive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) from retail raw chicken meat were characterized by phenotypic and genotypic methods. One isolate showed the human biovar, coagulase type III, phage group I * III, the lack of production of enterotoxins and TSST-1, and resistance to PCG/ABPC/EM/GM/KM. The other isolate showed(More)
A novel human chondroitin 6-O-sulfotransferase, designated C6ST-2, was identified by BLAST analysis of expressed sequence tag using the sequence of a previously described human chondroitin 6-O-sulfotransferase (C6ST-1) as a probe. The new cDNA sequence revealed an open reading frame coding for a protein of 486 amino acids with a type II transmembrane(More)
Recent glycobiology studies have suggested fundamental biological functions for chondroitin, chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate, which are widely distributed as glycosaminoglycan sidechains of proteoglycans in the extracellular matrix and at cell surfaces. They have been implicated in the signaling functions of various heparin-binding growth factors(More)
Recent cDNA cloning of the glycosyltransferases involved in the synthesis of the sulfated glycosaminoglycan sidechains of proteoglycans has provided important clues to answering long-standing questions concerning the mechanisms of both chain polymerization and the biosynthetic sorting of glucosaminoglycans (heparin/heparan sulfate) and galactosaminoglycans(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) plays important roles in the survival and recovery of some mature neurons under pathological conditions. However, the effect of GDNF in ameliorating ischemic brain injury has not been well documented. Therefore, we investigated a possible effect of GDNF on the changes of infarct size,(More)
One class of the nuclear receptor AF-2 coactivator complexes contains the SRC-1/TIF2 family, CBP/p300 and an RNA coactivator, SRA. We identified a subfamily of RNA-binding DEAD-box proteins (p72/p68) as a human estrogen receptor alpha (hER alpha) coactivator in the complex containing these factors. p72/p68 interacted with both the AD2 of any SRC-1/TIF2(More)
Chondroitin sulfate (CS) plays critical roles in central nervous system development and regeneration, and individual modifications of CS form a "sulfation code" that regulates growth factor signaling or neuronal growth. Although we have shown that CS-E polysaccharide, but not CS-A or -C polysaccharide, has an inherent ability to promote neurite outgrowth(More)
Glycosaminoglycans such as heparan sulphate and chondroitin sulphate are extracellular sugar chains involved in intercellular signalling. Disruptions of genes encoding enzymes that mediate glycosaminoglycan biosynthesis have severe consequences in Drosophila and mice. Mutations in the Drosophila gene sugarless, which encodes a UDP-glucose dehydrogenase,(More)