Hiroshi Kikuchi

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Definitive risk factors for the development of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) among asymptomatic human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-1) carriers remain unclear. Recently, HTLV-1 proviral loads have been evaluated as important predictors of ATL, but a few small prospective studies have been conducted. We prospectively evaluated 1218 asymptomatic HTLV-1(More)
Previously, we developed a multifunctional envelope-type nano device (MEND) for efficient delivery of nucleic acids. For tumor delivery of a MEND, PEGylation is a useful method, which confers a longer systemic circulation and tumor accumulation via the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect. However, PEGylation inhibits cellular uptake and(More)
Cardiac fibrosis results from proliferation of interstitial fibroblasts and concomitant increased biosynthesis of extracellular matrix (ECM) components and is often complicated by cardiac hypertrophy. This study was conducted to investigate whether norepinephrine (NE) potentiates transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta)-induced cardiac fibrosis. The(More)
Mitochondria are the principal producers of energy in higher cells. Mitochondrial dysfunction is implicated in a variety of human diseases, including cancer and neurodegenerative disorders. Effective medical therapies for such diseases will ultimately require targeted delivery of therapeutic proteins or nucleic acids to the mitochondria, which will be(More)
UNLABELLED Survival and prognostic factors were analyzed in 315 patients with esophageal cancer undergoing thoracoscopic-assisted esophagectomy (TAE). The 5-year survival rate of 57.8% was satisfactory, indicating the oncological feasibility of TAE. Perioperative outcomes affected overall survival in the whole cohort but not in the subgroup treated with 2(More)
Immunoliposomes are potent carriers for targeting of therapeutic drugs to specific cells. Membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP), which plays an important role in angiogenesis, is expressed on angiogenic endothelium cells as well as tumor cells. Then, the MT1-MMP might be useful as a target molecule for tumor and neovascularity. In the present(More)
BACKGROUND Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) is increasingly recognized as an opportunistic and potentially life-threatening pathogen in recipients of allogeneic stem cell transplants (SCTs). METHODS To clarify the incidence and clinical relevance of active HHV-6 infection, serial titers of plasma HHV-6 DNA were determined for 50 allogeneic SCT recipients,(More)
To evaluate the usefulness of liposomes as a carrier for the targeted delivery of antigens to gut-associated lymphoid tissue, liposomal stability and uptake by rat Peyer's patches were investigated. Liposomes composed of distearoylphosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine, and cholesterol (DSPC-liposome), or dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine,(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To investigate the association between short sleep duration and elevated body mass index (BMI) and obesity in a large sample of Japanese adults over a short period. DESIGN Prospective design with baseline in 2006 and 1-year follow-up. SETTING Workplaces of an electric power company in Japan. PARTICIPANTS 35,247 company employees(More)
Purpose. A quantitative understanding of the intracellular trafficking of plasmids delivered by nonviral vectors is essential for optimizing vector functions to increase their transfection efficiency. In this study, quantitative methods were developed to measure plasmids delivered to the nucleus, and the relationship between transfection activity and the(More)