Hiroshi Kawahira

Learn More
BACKGROUND Apoptosis is a hallmark of beta-cell death in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Understanding how apoptosis contributes to beta-cell turnover may lead to strategies to prevent progression of diabetes. A key mediator of apoptosis, mitochondrial function, and cell survival is apoptosis inducing factor (AIF). In the present study, we(More)
Background: Apoptosis is a hallmark of b-cell death in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Understanding how apoptosis contributes to b-cell turnover may lead to strategies to prevent progression of diabetes. A key mediator of apoptosis, mitochondrial function, and cell survival is apoptosis inducing factor (AIF). In the present study, we investigated(More)
PURPOSE Among invasive ductal carcinomas of the pancreas (IDCP), there is a morphologically characteristic subgroup accompanied by abundant intraductal carcinoma components (ICCs). With the aim of determining whether ICC-rich IDCP are biologically different from ICC-poor IDCP, the expression status of Dpc4 protein was analyzed. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN A total(More)
AIM To investigate the detrimental impact of loss of reservoir capacity by comparing total gastrectomy (TGRY) and distal gastrectomy with the same Roux-en-Y (DGRY) reconstruction. The study was conducted using an integrated questionnaire, the Postgastrectomy Syndrome Assessment Scale (PGSAS)-45, recently developed by the Japan Postgastrectomy Syndrome(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic and robot-assisted surgeries are performed under carbon dioxide insufflation. Switching from gas to an isotonic irrigant introduces several benefits and avoids some adverse effects of gas insufflation. We developed an irrigating device and apparatus designed for single-incision laparoscopic surgery and tested its advantages and(More)
The purpose of this study was to design an endoscopic dissector handle and objectively assess its usability. The handles were designed with increased contact area between the fingers and thumb and the eye rings, and the eye rings were modified to have a more perpendicular insertion angle to the finger midline. Four different handle models were compared,(More)
  • 1