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Hedgehog signaling is known to regulate tissue morphogenesis and cell differentiation in a dose-dependent manner. Loss of Indian hedgehog (Ihh) results in reduction in pancreas size, indicating a requirement for hedgehog signaling during pancreas development. By contrast, ectopic expression of sonic hedgehog (Shh) inhibits pancreatic marker expression and(More)
The prognoses of pancreatic cancer patients have been miserable even after radical surgery, and adjuvant therapy is necessary to improve the surgical results. p16(INK4a) (p16) is tight-binding and inhibitory protein for cyclin-dependent kinase 4 to induce G1 arrest of the cell cycle. p16 gene deletion is frequently identified in human pancreas cancer. The(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Intraductal papillary mucinous tumors, as a cystic disease in the pancreas, clinically has a more indolent and favorable course than invasive ductal pancreas carcinoma. However, some cases of intraductal papillary mucinous tumors show invasive and rapid progression like ductal pancreas carcinoma and the prognosis of such patients is(More)
Since its discovery, numerous studies have shown that the Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway plays an instrumental role during diverse processes of cell differentiation and organ development. More recently, it has become evident that Hh signaling is not restricted to developmental events, but retains some of its activity during adult life. In mature tissues,(More)
PURPOSE Recent surgical techniques have been advancing under endoscopic view and insufflation of carbon dioxide gas to expand the abdominal cavity. Isotonic fluid could be one candidate for expanding cavities to facilitate surgical maneuvering. We tested the feasibility and drawbacks of replacement of irrigating materials using a porcine model (water-filled(More)
BACKGROUND Billroth-I (BI) and Roux-en-Y (RY) are well-known reconstruction methods that are conducted following distal gastrectomy. However, the relative merits of these 2 methods are not well documented. The newly developed Postgastrectomy Syndrome Assessment Scale (PGSAS)-45 is an integrated questionnaire consisting of 45 items, including 8 items from(More)
mel-18 is a mammalian homolog of Drosophila melanogaster Polycomb group genes. Mice lacking the mel-18 gene show a posterior transformation of the axial skeleton, severe combined immunodeficiency, and a food-passing disturbance in the lower intestine due to hypertrophy of the smooth muscle layer. In this study, the severe combined immunodeficiency observed(More)
Embryonic Hedgehog signaling is essential for proper tissue morphogenesis and organ formation along the developing gastrointestinal tract. Hedgehog ligands are expressed throughout the endodermal epithelium at early embryonic stages but excluded from the region that will form the pancreas. Ectopic activation of Hedgehog signaling at the onset of pancreas(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM To demonstrate the effect of endoscopic injection sclerotherapy (EIS) with argon plasma coagulation (APC) as a primary/secondary prophylaxis for esophageal varies (EV) on portal hemodynamics and long-term outcomes in cirrhosis. METHODS This prospective study included 48 cirrhotic patients (64.5 ± 11.4 years; 26 bleeders, 22(More)
BACKGROUND Pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG) is sometimes performed as a function-preserving surgery for the treatment of early gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to use an integrated assessment scale for postgastrectomy syndrome to determine the appropriate indicators and optimal methods for PPG. METHODS The Postgastrectomy Syndrome Assessment(More)