Learn More
A new gene, termed klotho, has been identified that is involved in the suppression of several ageing phenotypes. A defect in klotho gene expression in the mouse results in a syndrome that resembles human ageing, including a short lifespan, infertility, arteriosclerosis, skin atrophy, osteoporosis and emphysema. The gene encodes a membrane protein that(More)
A defect in Klotho gene expression in mice accelerates the degeneration of multiple age-sensitive traits. Here, we show that overexpression of Klotho in mice extends life span. Klotho protein functions as a circulating hormone that binds to a cell-surface receptor and represses intracellular signals of insulin and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1), an(More)
We have developed a method using novel latex beads for rapid identification of drug receptors using affinity purification. Composed of a glycidylmethacrylate (GMA) and styrene copolymer core with a GMA polymer surface, the beads minimize nonspecific protein binding and maximize purification efficiency. We demonstrated their performance by efficiently(More)
It is now widely accepted that skin sensitivity will be very important for future robots used by humans in daily life for housekeeping and entertainment purposes. Despite this fact, relatively little progress has been made in the field of pressure recognition compared to the areas of sight and voice recognition, mainly because good artificial "electronic(More)
Based on the fact that aging is associated with a reciprocal decrease of osteogenesis and an increase of adipogenesis in bone marrow and that osteoblasts and adipocytes share a common progenitor, this study investigated the role of PPARgamma, a key regulator of adipocyte differentiation, in bone metabolism. Homozygous PPARgamma-deficient ES cells failed to(More)
Musculoskeletal diseases, especially osteoarthritis (OA) and osteoporosis (OP), impair activities of daily life (ADL) and quality of life (QOL) in the elderly. Although preventive strategies for these diseases are urgently required in an aging society, epidemiological data on these diseases are scant. To clarify the prevalence of knee osteoarthritis (KOA),(More)
OBJECTIVE Although osteoarthritis (OA) is induced by accumulated mechanical stress to joints, little is known about the underlying molecular mechanism. To apply approaches from mouse genomics, this study created experimental mouse OA models by producing instability in the knee joints. METHODS The models were of four types: severe, moderate, mild, and(More)
OBJECTIVE By producing instability in mouse knee joints, we attempted to determine the involvement of runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX-2), which is required for chondrocyte hypertrophy, in the development of osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS An experimental mouse OA model was created by surgical transection of the medial collateral ligament and(More)
Prostaglandins (PGs) have been postulated to amplify their own production by stimulating cyclic adenosine monophosphate activity, which in turn stimulates PG production. We examined regulation of messenger RNA levels for the inducible and constitutive prostaglandin G/H synthases, PGHS-2 and PGHS-1, in murine osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells, which express both(More)