Hiroshi Katoh

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Most previous studies on spinal cord injury (SCI) have used rodent models. Direct extrapolation of the results obtained in rodents to clinical cases is difficult, however, because of neurofunctional and anatomic differences between rodents and primates. In the present study, the development of histopathologic changes and functional deficits were assessed(More)
The entire genome of a thermophilic unicellular cyanobacterium, Thermosynechococcus elongatus BP-1, was sequenced. The genome consisted of a circular chromosome 2,593,857 bp long, and no plasmid was detected. A total of 2475 potential protein-encoding genes, one set of rRNA genes, 42 tRNA genes representing 42 tRNA species and 4 genes for small structural(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is known to be a mediator of angiogenesis and vascular permeability. A cystic component and hemorrhage are often found in pituitary adenomas. In the present study we assess the VEGF expression based on immunohistochemical examinations in 48 pituitary adenomas. All the adenomas showed some VEGF immunoreactivity(More)
Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO; 100% oxygen at 2 atmospheres absolute) was administered for 1 h to male Mongolian gerbils either for a single session or every other day for five sessions. Two days after HBO pretreatment, the gerbils were subjected to 5 min of forebrain ischemia by occlusion of both common carotid arteries under anesthesia. Seven days after(More)
Although aberrant DNA methylation is considered to be one of the key ways by which tumor-suppressor and DNA-repair genes are silenced during tumor initiation and progression, the mechanisms underlying DNA methylation alterations in cancer remain unclear. Here we show that prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) silences certain tumor-suppressor and DNA-repair genes(More)
The clinical efficacy of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and intra-arterial papaverine infusion for treatment of vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage was investigated. Between 1990 and 1993, 84 patients were treated for cerebral vasospasm in National Defense Medical College Hospital. Angioplasty was performed for asymptomatic vasospasm in 18(More)
A case of traumatic spinal subarachnoid hematoma causing compression of the cauda equina is reported here. The patient, a 76 year-old woman, who had fallen down by accident 1 month before, was admitted to our hospital presenting lumbar pain radiating into her right thigh, monoplegia of the right leg and urinary incontinence. Myelography and metrizamide CT(More)
Expression of the genes for trehalose synthesis (mts and mth, encoding maltooligosyl trehalose synthase and hydrolase) and trehalose hydrolysis (treH) in Anabaena sp. PCC 7120 was up-regulated markedly upon dehydration. However, the amount of trehalose accumulated during dehydration was small, whereas a large amount of sucrose was accumulated. Northern(More)
Increased neuronal vulnerability to ischemia or hypoxia has been demonstrated following traumatic brain injury but not explained. Animal data suggest that neuronal damage after traumatic brain injury is caused mainly by massive glutamate release that activates N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. Using rat models with controlled closed head injury (CHI)(More)
This report describes 2-week and 20-month histopathologic findings in small aneurysms embolized with platinum coils. Electron microscopy showed the presence of endothelial cells encroaching on the platinum coils at the orifice of the aneurysm in both cases. We confirm that endothelial growth can be induced as early as 2 weeks after embolization of small(More)