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Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is known to be a mediator of angiogenesis and vascular permeability. A cystic component and hemorrhage are often found in pituitary adenomas. In the present study we assess the VEGF expression based on immunohistochemical examinations in 48 pituitary adenomas. All the adenomas showed some VEGF immunoreactivity(More)
Most previous studies on spinal cord injury (SCI) have used rodent models. Direct extrapolation of the results obtained in rodents to clinical cases is difficult, however, because of neurofunctional and anatomic differences between rodents and primates. In the present study, the development of histopathologic changes and functional deficits were assessed(More)
Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO; 100% oxygen at 2 atmospheres absolute) was administered for 1 h to male Mongolian gerbils either for a single session or every other day for five sessions. Two days after HBO pretreatment, the gerbils were subjected to 5 min of forebrain ischemia by occlusion of both common carotid arteries under anesthesia. Seven days after(More)
The clinical efficacy of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and intra-arterial papaverine infusion for treatment of vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage was investigated. Between 1990 and 1993, 84 patients were treated for cerebral vasospasm in National Defense Medical College Hospital. Angioplasty was performed for asymptomatic vasospasm in 18(More)
Although aberrant DNA methylation is considered to be one of the key ways by which tumor-suppressor and DNA-repair genes are silenced during tumor initiation and progression, the mechanisms underlying DNA methylation alterations in cancer remain unclear. Here we show that prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) silences certain tumor-suppressor and DNA-repair genes(More)
Increased neuronal vulnerability to ischemia or hypoxia has been demonstrated following traumatic brain injury but not explained. Animal data suggest that neuronal damage after traumatic brain injury is caused mainly by massive glutamate release that activates N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. Using rat models with controlled closed head injury (CHI)(More)
BACKGROUND Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) often causes a prolongation of the corrected QT (QTc) interval during the acute phase. The aim of the present study was to examine independent risk factors for QTc prolongation in patients with SAH by means of multivariate analysis. METHOD We studied 100 patients who were admitted within 24 hours after onset of(More)
Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathways play a crucial role in cell growth and long-lasting neuronal plasticity. Several studies have shown that phosphorylated-ERK (p-ERK) significantly increases after kainic acid (KA) administration. However, little or no information is available about the spatial distribution of p-ERK after KA-induced(More)
BACKGROUND Cystic lesions of the orbit have diverse clinical findings and histopathological features. We report an orbital schwannoma composed of a single cyst. CASE DESCRIPTION A 62-year-old woman with an intraconal cystic tumor in the left orbital cavity is described. The cystic tumor was totally removed and the pathological diagnosis of the cyst wall(More)
We report here a unique case of acute-onset dementia caused by a posterior fossa dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF), which was successfully treated by surgical resection of the isolated transverse-sigmoid sinus combined with endovascular procedures. A 70-year-old female was admitted to our hospital with acute-onset dementia and pulsatile tinnitus on the left(More)