Hiroshi Kakutani

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BACKGROUND An understanding of the development of esophageal varices is important in the evaluation of risk of variceal hemorrhage. To clarify factors affecting the development of esophageal varices, the morphology and hemodynamics of the left gastric vein were analyzed with color Doppler EUS. METHODS Sixty-seven patients with esophageal varices underwent(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS There are limited data on the differences in diagnostic yield between 25-gauge and 22-gauge EUS-FNA needles. This prospective study compared the difference in diagnostic yield between a 22-gauge and a 25-gauge needle when performing EUS-FNA. METHODS Forty-three patients with intraluminal or extraluminal mass lesions and/or(More)
The aim of this study was to compare diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) and multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) for detection of primary pancreatic cancer by reviewing images of patients at high risk for pancreatic cancer with main pancreatic duct (MPD) dilatation shown by magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). From(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS The time to recurrence of esophageal varices may vary greatly between patients even after the same endoscopic therapy. To clarify the factors which contribute to recurrence after endoscopic treatment, the hemodynamics and morphology of the left gastric vein (LGV) were investigated using color Doppler endoscopic ultrasonography(More)
BACKGROUND Cholangitis is a major complication after metallic stent placement to treat biliary obstruction, and it may impair quality of life. Whether transpapillary stent placement contributes cholangitis is still controversial. OBJECTIVES The present study aimed to determine risk factors for acute cholangitis after metallic biliary stent placement. (More)
OBJECTIVE Sonazoid is a new second-generation microbubble contrast for ultrasonography. In this pilot study, the diagnostic role of contrast-enhanced harmonic imaging endoscopic ultrasonography (CH-EUS) with Sonazoid was prospectively evaluated in preoperative T-staging of pancreaticobiliary malignancies. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with suspected(More)
BACKGROUND The indications for metallic stents have widened from primary hepatobiliary cancers to the other diseases such as lymph node metastases from distant organs. The present study aimed to evaluate the results and establish the efficacy of metallic stenting in patients with obstructive jaundice due to metastatic lymph nodes. METHODS Stent patency,(More)
OBJECTIVE Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is often misdiagnosed as pancreatic carcinoma (PC) despite recent advances in imaging tests. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether the quantitative perfusion analysis using software "Time intensity curve" with contrast-enhanced harmonic EUS (CH-EUS) facilitate the differentiation of AIP from PC. METHODS(More)
Our preliminary study indicated that either a high hepatofugal flow velocity in the left gastric vein (LGV) or an anterior branch dominant pattern seen under color Doppler EUS (CD-EUS) were possible contributing risk factors for variceal recurrence after endoscopic treatment. However, the sample size was too small, and in this study we aimed to validate the(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) is an alternative to sclerotherapy for the treatment of esophageal varices, but is associated with higher rates of recurrence and subsequent bleeding than sclerotherapy. To prevent recurrence of varices after EVL, we have developed a low-dose diode laser therapy combined with the injection of(More)