Hiroshi Kagami

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We report a novel technique for almost complete replacement of the recipient germline with donor germ cells in the chicken. Busulfan solubilized in a sustained-release emulsion was injected into the yolk of fertile eggs before incubation. A dose of 100 microg was found to provide the best outcome in terms of reducing the number of endogenous primordial germ(More)
The CRISPR/Cas9 system is a simple and powerful tool for genome editing in various organisms including livestock animals. However, the system has not been applied to poultry because of the difficulty in accessing their zygotes. Here we report the implementation of CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene targeting in chickens. Two egg white genes, ovalbumin and ovomucoid,(More)
The unique accessibility of chicken primordial germ cells (PGCs) during early development provides the opportunity to combine the reproduction of live animals with genetic conservation. Male and female Gifujidori fowl (GJ) PGCs were collected from the blood of early embryos, and cryopreserved in liquid nitrogen for >6 months until transfer. Manipulated GJ(More)
A novel method was developed to isolate chick primordial germ cells (PGCs) from circulating embryonic blood. This is a very simple and rapid method for the isolation of circulating PGCs (cPGCs) using an ammonium chloride-potassium (ACK) buffer for lysis of the red blood cells. The PGCs were purified as in vitro culture proceeded. Most of the initial red(More)
The aim of the present study was to improve the efficiency of endogenous primordial germ cell (PGC) depletion and to increase the ratio of donor PGCs in the gonads of recipient chicken embryos. A sustained-release emulsion was prepared by emulsifying equal amounts of Ca(2+)- and Mg(2+)-free phosphate-buffered saline containing 10% busulfan solubilised in(More)
FKBP12.6, a member of the family of FK506-binding proteins, selectively associates with the cardiac isoform of the ryanodine receptor and thereby stabilizes this Ca(2+) release channel. A chicken FKBP12.6 (chFKBP12.6) cDNA was cloned and shown to encode a protein of 108 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence of chFKBP12.6 is 91-92% identical to those(More)
Recently, many results have been reported regarding the pluripotency of bone marrow cells (BMCs) with the aim of benefiting regenerative medicine for humans. Particularly, vessel formation by hematopoietic stem cells or vascular endothelial stem cells which were derived from bone marrow has received considerable interest, since the mechanism of vessel(More)
In our previous studies, we demonstrated that female primordial germ cells (PGCs) have the ability to differentiate into W chromosome-bearing (W-bearing) spermatozoa in male gonads of germline chimeric chickens. In this study, to investigate the differentiation pattern of female PGCs in male gonads in chickens, three germline chimeric chickens were(More)
Germ cells are the only cell type capable of transmitting genetic information to the next generation. During development, they are set aside from all somatic cells of the embryo. In many species, germ cells form at the fringe of the embryo proper and then traverse through several developing somatic tissues on their migration to the emerging gonads.(More)
To elucidate the strain preference in donor and recipient for the production of W-bearing sperm, mixed-sex germline chimeric chickens were produced. The combination of donor and recipient was White Leghorn (WL) and Barred Plymouth Rock (BPR), and vice versa. Four sets of mixed-sex chimeras that had the male phenotype at sexual maturity were subjected to(More)