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Photosystem II uses light to drive water oxidation and plastoquinone (PQ) reduction. PQ reduction involves two PQ cofactors, Q(A) and Q(B), working in series. Q(A) is a one-electron carrier, whereas Q(B) undergoes sequential reduction and protonation to form Q(B)H(2). Q(B)H(2) exchanges with PQ from the pool in the membrane. Based on the atomic coordinates(More)
Water oxidation generating atmospheric oxygen occurs in photosystem II (PSII), a large protein-pigment complex located in the thylakoid membrane. The recent crystal structures at 3.2 and 3.5 A resolutions provide novel details on amino acid side chains, especially in the D1/D2 subunits. We calculated the redox potentials for one-electron oxidation of the(More)
In photosynthesis, light is captured by antenna proteins. These proteins transfer the excitation energy with almost 100% quantum efficiency to the reaction centers, where charge separation takes place. The time scale and pathways of this transfer are controlled by the protein scaffold, which holds the pigments at optimal geometry and tunes their excitation(More)
In O(2)-evolving complex Photosystem II (PSII), an unimpeded transfer of electrons from the primary quinone (Q(A)) to the secondary quinone (Q(B)) is essential for the efficiency of photosynthesis. Recent PSII crystal structures revealed the protein environment of the Q(A/B) binding sites. We calculated the plastoquinone (Q(A/B)) redox potentials (E(m)) for(More)
In photosystem II (PSII), the redox properties of the non-heme iron complex (Fe complex) are sensitive to the redox state of quinones (Q(A/)(B)), which may relate to the electron/proton transfer. We calculated the redox potentials for one-electron oxidation of the Fe complex in PSII [E(m)(Fe)] based on the reference value E(m)(Fe) = +400 mV at pH 7 in the(More)
Using quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics calculations and the 1.9-Å crystal structure of Photosystem II [Umena Y, Kawakami K, Shen J-R, Kamiya N (2011) Nature 473(7345):55-60], we investigated the H-bonding environment of the redox-active tyrosine D (TyrD) and obtained insights that help explain its slow redox kinetics and the stability of TyrD(•). The(More)
Ser-L223 is close to ubiquinone (Q(B)) in the B-branch of the bacterial photosynthetic reaction center (bRC) from Rhodobacter (Rb) sphaeroides. Therefore, the presence of a hydrogen bond (H bond) between the two was naturally proposed from the crystal structure. The hydrogen bonding pattern of Q(B) from the light-exposed structure was studied by generating(More)
The absolute values of the one-electron redox potentials of the two quinones (Q(A) and Q(B)) in bacterial photosynthetic reaction centers from Rhodobacter sphaeroides were calculated by evaluating the electrostatic energies from the solution of the linearized Poisson-Boltzmann equation at pH 7.0. The redox potential for Q(A) was calculated to be between(More)
Cytochrome c550 (cyt c550) from photosystem II (PSII) exists in the PSII-bound form but can be released from PSII by treatment with divalent cations or Tris, yielding the isolated form. We calculated heme redox potentials (Em) based on the crystal structures of cyt c550 by solving the Poisson-Boltzmann equation. In the isolated form, the calculated Em are(More)
The AppA BLUF (blue light sensing using FAD) domain from Rhodobacter sphaeroides serves as a blue light-sensing photoreceptor. The charge separation process between Tyr-21 and flavin plays an important role in the light signaling state by transforming the dark state conformation to the light state one. By solving the linearized Poisson-Boltzmann equation, I(More)