Hiroshi Ikeoka

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Nasal allergy is a disease ensuing from type-I allergic reactions in the nasal cavity. A correct understanding of this process requires further investigation of the non-allergic pathology present. In the allergic state, the function of the nasal cilia is considered to be involved in the invasion of allergens into the nasal mucosa, and may also be involved(More)
Nasal mucosa is a subject of surgical operation for patients with nasal disorders. However, our knowledge about the regeneration of nasal mucosa after such a mechanical injury is still limited. In this study we investigated the recovery or regenerative process of nasal mucosa in rabbits after mechanical injury on the basis of ultrastructural as well as(More)
The recovery process of pathological changes in the respiratory mucosa following exposure to styrene were experimentally studied to improve the understanding of the respiratory toxicity of styrene. Thirty male SD rats were exposed to 150 ppm or 1000 ppm of styrene for 4 h a day over 3 weeks (5 days a week). They were killed for examination at 1 day or 12(More)
In this paper, we propose a distance estimation method using tilted lens optics. Our proposed method uses two input images: one is an all-in-focus image, and the other is a ground-in-focus image. The method estimates a distance value for each pixel by comparing the amount of blur between the ground-in-focus image and multi-focus images that are synthesized(More)
In the present study, we have examined the hitherto unknown effects of long-term exposure to lipopolysaccharide (LPS), possessing the major parts of biological activity of endotoxin, on ciliary activity in the middle ear. Our results show that LPS can affect the ciliary activity in a dose-response fashion: 1) LPS does not impair the ciliary activity up to(More)
In the present study, the in vitro tissue-radioallergosorbent test (t-RAST) was performed in two groups of patients: one with perennial attacks of sneezing, serous hypersecretion and nasal congestion, the other with nasal congestion only. The results obtained were compared with those obtained by a series of conventional allergy tests. We then found that(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (10 micrograms/mL) derived from Klebsiella pneumoniae was injected into the middle ear of guinea pigs. The animals were killed painlessly on days 1, 3, and 7 after inoculation, and the mucosal samples from two sites within the tympanic cavity, close to the tympanic orifice and distal to the orifice, were examined for ciliary activity and(More)
A variety of atmospheric pollutants are known to depress mucociliary function in the respiratory system. Since the mucociliary function in the middle ear is similar, and the middle ear may be invaded by atmospheric pollutants, we decided to investigate the possible contribution of sulfur dioxide to middle ear effusion. Guinea pigs were exposed for 24 hours(More)