Learn More
The acrosome reaction is a membrane fusion event that is prerequisite for sperm penetration through the zona pellucida. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms involved in membrane fusion, the expression and localization of Rab proteins, a subfamily of small GTPases that have been shown to play key roles in regulation of intracellular membrane traffic and(More)
Tight junctions (TJs) create a paracellular permeability barrier to restrict the passage of ions, small solutes, and water. Ameloblasts are enamel-forming cells that sequentially differentiate into preameloblasts, secretory, transition, and ruffle-ended and smooth-ended maturation ameloblasts (RAs and SAs). TJs are located at the proximal and distal ends of(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence regarding the association between alcohol consumption and the gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) spectrum has been conflicting. We examined the association between alcohol consumption and erosive esophagitis and Barrett's epithelium in Japanese men. METHODS The study population comprised 463 men subjects who had undergone an upper(More)
AIM To identify the predictive factors for the presence of small bowel lesions in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB). METHODS A total of 242 patients with OGIB (overt 149: occult 93) were retrospectively included in the present study. Capsule endoscopy (CE) was carried out to investigate the small bowel, and detected lesions were(More)
BACKGROUND Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common causes of chronic liver injury in many countries. Genetic factors are important for the development of NAFLD, as well as environmental factors. Recently an angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AGTR1) has been recognized as important in the aetiology of fibrosis in the liver. (More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The aim of this study was to examine the convenience of the quality of life and utility evaluation survey technology (QUEST) questionnaire and the frequency scale for the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (FSSG) questionnaire as self-assessment diagnostic instrument. METHODS This was a two-way crossover study conducted over 6(More)
Claudins are integral membrane proteins at tight junctions (TJs) and form TJ strands. In the present study, we found that claudin-7 was localized along the entire lateral membranes of epididymal epithelium, including the apical junctional region throughout the epididymis, but claudin-8 was restricted to the apical junctional region. This finding raises the(More)
LETM1 is located in the chromosomal region that is deleted in patients suffering Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome; it encodes a homolog of the yeast protein Mdm38 that is involved in mitochondrial morphology. Here, we describe the LETM1-mediated regulation of the mitochondrial volume and its interaction with the mitochondrial AAA-ATPase BCS1L that is responsible(More)
Gopc (Golgi-associated PDZ- and coiled-coil motif-containing protein)(-/-) mice are infertile, showing globozoospermia, coiled tails, and a stratified mitochondrial sheath. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) images of the spermatozoa were studied quantitatively to analyze disorganization processes during epididymal passage. Factors maintaining straight(More)
BACKGROUND The changes in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) range over a wide spectrum, extending from steatosis to steatohepatitis (NASH). However, it has remained difficult to differentiate between NASH and nonprogressive NAFLD by clinical examination. We investigated the interrelationships between serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP)(More)