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The AE1 gene encodes band 3 Cl-/HCO3- exchangers that are expressed both in the erythrocyte and in the acid-secreting, type A intercalated cells of the kidney. Kidney AE1 contributes to urinary acidification by providing the major exit route for HCO3- across the basolateral membrane. Several AE1 mutations cosegregate with dominantly transmitted nonsyndromic(More)
Evidence from recent epidemiological studies suggests a link between periodontal infections and increased risk of atherosclerosis and related cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events in human subjects. One of the major pathogens of periodontitis, Porphyromonas gingivalis, has the ability to aggregate human platelets in platelet-rich plasma (PRP). Mechanism(More)
We report the first successful use of BMT for the treatment of RBC pyruvate kinase (PK) deficiency in a boy who developed neonatal jaundice and severe transfusion-dependent hemolytic anemia a few months after birth. He received a BMT at the age of 5 from an HLA-identical sister who has normal PK activity after conditioning with busulfan and(More)
In Thailand, the most common cause of chronic hemolytic anemia is thalassemia hemoglobinopathy. We report here a 10-year-old girl with pyruvate kinase (PK) deficiency who was initially diagnosed to have Hb H disease, like her sister. The patient had a history of neonatal jaundice which required blood exchange transfusion twice and phototherapy. She became(More)
We investigated a Japanese patient with protein 4.2 deficiency. SDS-PAGE showed a complete deficiency of protein 4.2, while Western blot analysis revealed a marked decrease in the amount of protein 4.2, and the existence of a doublet of 74 and 72 kDa bands. Direct sequencing and dot-blot hybridization with allele-specific oligonucleotide probes indicated(More)
We present a patient who developed severe anemia and neutropenia after receiving parenteral nutrition for 2.5 years. The serum levels of copper and ceruloplasmin were low, and the bone marrow showed the presence of ringed sideroblasts and vacuolated immature cells. The administration of copper chloride by bolus injection led to a rapid improvement in anemia(More)
The acquired resistance to various drugs in cancer is mediated by P-glycoprotein (P-gp) which is encoded by the mdr-1 gene. An increased level of mdr-1/P-gp was demonstrated after chemotherapy administered to treat cancer in humans. To clarify the direct effect of anticancer drugs on mdr-1/P-gp expression, we investigated the change in transport of(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the human SLC4A1 (AE1/band 3) gene are associated with hereditary spherocytic anaemia and with distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA). The molecular diagnosis of AE1 mutations has been complicated by the absence of highly polymorphic genetic markers, and the pathogenic mechanisms of some dRTA-associated AE1 mutations remain unclear.(More)
Human erythrocyte protein 4.2 (band 4.2; pallidin) is a major membrane protein that comprises 5% of the total weight of the human erythrocyte membrane. Deficiencies of this protein have been observed in hereditary spherocytosis with anaemia, suggesting a role of protein 4.2 in erythrocyte stability and integrity. The molecular basis of this disorder remains(More)