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Endothelial dysfunction or activation elicited by oxidatively modified low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, characterized by intimal thickening and lipid deposition in the arteries. Ox-LDL and its lipid constituents impair endothelial production of nitric oxide, and induce the endothelial expression of(More)
Acetazolamide (ACTZ), a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, has been reported to decrease the endolymphatic sac (ES) DC potential (ESP) in the guinea pig. To assess the involvement of cation transport in the ESP change by ACTZ we examined the effect of ACTZ upon the K+ and Na+ activities of the ES endolymph in the guinea pig using ion-sensitive microelectrode.(More)
Endothelial dysfunction, or activation, elicited by oxidized low density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) and its lipid constituents has been shown to play a key role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. We recently have identified a novel receptor for Ox-LDL-designated lectin-like Ox-LDL receptor (LOX-1) in vascular endothelial cells. To examine ligand specificity(More)
Head oscillations and eye movements when stepping and running were studied in normal subjects and in patients with labyrinthine dysfunctions. In normal subjects, whereas linear head oscillations in the horizontal plane were very limited during both stepping and running, a marked increase in the vertical linear displacement induced pitching motions of the(More)
Facial nerve hemangioma is a rare benign tumor that originates from the venous plexus surrounding the facial nerve. A case of facial nerve hemangioma in the geniculate ganglion was reported. A 47-year-old man was referred with a left progressive facial palsy over 1 year. There were no complaints of associated hearing loss, tinnitus, headache, dizziness or(More)
Expression of mineralocorticoid type I receptor (MR) gene in the rat cochlea was determined using molecular biological techniques. We synthesized complementary DNA (cDNA) from rat cochlear total RNA and then amplified MR cDNA fragments by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The amplified cDNA fragments were subcloned into an expression vector and the(More)
It has long been hoped that sea urchins could be served to visitors to seafood restaurants, hotels, and summer festivals in Rausu, located in the world natural heritage site “Shiretoko,” during the summer tourist season. However, to date this has not been feasible because of the sea urchin spawning season (July–September), during which the quality of the(More)
This study describes a technical breakthrough in endolymphatic sac research, made possible by the use of the recently generated Prox1-GFP transgenic mouse model. Whole-mount imaging techniques through the decalcified temporal bone and three-dimensional observations of Prox1-GFP mouse tissue revealed the positive labeling of the endolymphatic sac in adult(More)
OBJECTIVE In the present study, an attempt was made to examine the effects of aural stimulation with ointment containing capsaicin on swallowing function in order to develop a novel and safe treatment for non-obstructive dysphagia in elderly patients. DESIGN A prospective pilot, non-blinded, non-controlled study with case series evaluating a new(More)
Carcinoma of the external auditory canal (EAC) is an unusual head and neck malignancy. The pathophysiology of these tumors is different from other skin lesions because of their anatomical and functional characteristics. Early-stage carcinoma of the EAC can be generally cured by surgical treatment, and reconstruction of the EAC with a tympanoplasty can help(More)