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Statins increase bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) mRNA expression and subsequently increase new bone formation in vitro. However, the action of statins on the BMP-2 mRNA regulation of cartilage matrix synthesis by chondrocytes is unknown. We evaluated regulation of BMP-2, aggrecan, and type II collagen (COL2) mRNA and (35)S-labeled proteoglycan (PG)(More)
OBJECTIVE The clinical features and the management of alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) are not well known. The efficacy of chemotherapy for soft tissue sarcoma, including high-dose ifosfamide and cisplatin, has not been established yet. Some reports suggest ASPS may occur primarily in bone. METHODS We report on a series of 57 patients with ASPS over 20(More)
BACKGROUND A giant cell tumor (GCT) of bone is a locally aggressive tumor with a propensity for local recurrence. A characteristic pattern of peripheral bone formation has been described in GCT recurrence in soft tissue, and in some pulmonary metastases from benign GCT. Although the bone formation in GCT in supposedly due to bone morphogenetic proteins(More)
Recombinant adenovirus is used as a competent vector in a wide spectrum of cancer gene therapies. Adenovirus infection depends on coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR)-mediated virus attachment to the cell surface. However, the expression levels of CAR and the efficiency of adenoviral gene transduction in musculoskeletal tumors have not been(More)
OBJECTIVE Chondromodulin-I (ChM-I), a cartilage derived anti-angiogenic factor, has been shown to regulate the vascular invasion during endochondral bone formation. We evaluated the expression and localization of ChM-I in articular cartilage during the progression of osteoarthritis (OA) in the rat, and correlated ChM-I expression with the increase in(More)
Multinucleate epidermal cells (MEC) originated from keratinocytes were observed histologically in 92 of 197 cases of non-neoplastic dermatoses, such as lupus erythematosus (26 of 70), lichenoid eruptions (26 of 47), Hailey-Hailey disease (5 of 5), psoriasis vulgaris (20 of 49) and so on. Most of these cells had two nuclei, and a few had three nuclei. MEC(More)
In fracture healing, a large amount of cartilage is formed, then rapidly replaced by osseous tissue. This process requires the transition of extracellular matrix component from type II to type I collagen. We investigated the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13), which has a high potential to cleave type II as well as type I collagen, during(More)
In the present study, we investigated whether the in vivo bone-forming capacity of human bone marrow-derived stromal cells (HMSCs) could be enhanced by recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2). The HMSCs obtained from seven donors (5-54 years of age) were passaged three to six times. Passaged HMSCs exhibited the osteoblastic phenotype in(More)
Phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor is a rare neoplasm which causes osteomalacia or rickets. The tumor typically follows a benign clinical course. Even in the rare malignant cases, local recurrence and distant metastasis are uncommon. We report on an example of a malignant phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor which recurred several times over 16 years concurrently(More)