Hiroshi Harayama

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A cAMP-induced protein tyrosine phosphorylation and flagellar hyperactivation are controlled via complicated signaling cascades in mammalian spermatozoa. For instance, these events seem to be regulated positively by the PKA-mediated signaling and negatively by the PI3K/PDK1-mediated signaling. In this article, we have shown molecular changes of PKA and PDK1(More)
Boar spermatozoa become agglutinated with one another at the head when their intracellular cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP)-signaling cascades are activated in the head. The aim of the present study is to examine viability and protein phosphorylation patterns of cAMP-dependently agglutinated boar spermatozoa. Ejaculated spermatozoa were washed(More)
It is necessary to obtain basic information on transcription factors expressed in the spermatids of livestock to determine mechanisms of defective spermiogenesis. In this study, we characterized the activator cAMP responsive element modulator (CREM) ortholog isoforms in porcine testicular germ cells and ejaculated sperm. At least two kinds of porcine(More)
The aim of this study was to reveal a downstream part of the intracellular signaling that is mediated by cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent tyrosine kinases, including spleen tyrosine (Y) kinase (SYK), in boar spermatozoa. Ejaculated spermatozoa were incubated with cBiMPS (a cell-permeable cAMP analog; 0.1 mM) at 38.5 degrees C for 180 minutes(More)
The aim of the present study was to establish the presence of an inducer(s) for the shedding of cytoplasmic droplets from boar spermatozoa after ejaculation. Cauda epididymal spermatozoa were incubated with seminal plasma, seminal vesicular fluid (SVF) or chemical agents at 39 degrees C for 30 min. After fixation and staining, percentages of spermatozoa(More)
In order to reveal the involvement of the sperm postacrosomal region in the acrosome reaction, we examined the effects of the protein phosphatase inhibitor calyculin A on the postacrosomal protein serine/threonine phosphorylation state and acrosome morphology in boar spermatozoa incubated with a cAMP analog. Proteins were highly phosphorylated on the(More)
Protein serine/threonine phosphorylation in mammalian sperm flagella has been considered to play important roles in regulation of motility. Protein phosphorylation state reflects balance of enzymatic activities between protein phosphatases and protein kinases [predominantly protein kinase A (PKA)]. The aims of this study were to disclose roles of protein(More)
The present study was designed to investigate the effects of amino acids on the in vitro development of porcine parthenogenetic diploids that were produced by electrostimulation (El-St) and cytochalasin B treatment of in vitro-matured oocytes. The culture medium for development, based on Whitten medium, contained 0.5 mg/ml of hyaluronic acid (mWM), and a(More)
The developmental process of the testis and age-related changes in the morphology of rete testicular spermatozoa were investigated in Meishan boars at 1 to 364 days of age. Testicular weight and the diameter of seminiferous tubules increased rapidly until 150 to 180 days of age. Leptotene stage spermatocytes, round spermatids and spermatozoa were first(More)
The aim of this study is to provide evidence of the existence of the adenylyl cyclase 10 (ADCY10) ortholog proteins in boar spermatozoa. Experiments with RT-PCR techniques, nucleotide sequence analyses and Northern blot analyses revealed that boar testes exclusively express approximately 5.1-kbp RNA, the nucleotide sequence of which is highly similar to(More)