Hiroshi Fukui

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Based on structural comparison with other biogenic amine receptors and the histamine H2 receptor, it has been suggested that in the human histamine H1 receptor, Asp107, Thr194, and Asn198 are the residues involved in binding of histamine. We therefore used site-directed mutagenesis to investigate the roles of these three amino acid residues. Asp107 was(More)
The period (per) gene, controlling circadian rhythms in Drosophila, is expressed throughout the body in a circadian manner. A homolog of Drosophila per was isolated from rat and designated as rPer2. The rPER2 protein showed 39 and 95% amino acid identity with mPER1 and mPER2 (mouse homologs of per) proteins, respectively. A robust circadian fluctuation of(More)
Symposia 1) Diagnosis and treatment of early esophageal cancer Moderators: Hiroyasu Makuuchi (Tokai University School of Medicine) Teruo Kozu (Chiba University School of Medicine) 2) Pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of early hepatocellular carcinoma Moderators: Masamichi Kojiro (Kurume University School of Medicine) Takafumi Ichida (Niigata(More)
Although the chromosomal localization (9q34) of the gene encoding the human form of ADAMTS13 (a disintegrin-like and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type-1 motifs 13) and its exclusive expression in the liver have been established, the cells that produce this enzyme are yet to be determined. We investigated the expression of ADAMTS13 mRNA and protein(More)
The interleukin-6 (IL-6) signal is transduced through membrane-anchored gp130, which is associated with IL-6 receptor (IL-6R) in the presence of IL-6. Soluble forms of gp130 (sgp130) with molecular weights of 90 and 110 Kd were found in human serum. In the presence of recombinant IL-6 (rIL-6), serum sgp130 were capable of associating with serum sIL-6R. By(More)
Clonal propagation of Stevia rebaudiana has been established by culturing stem-tips with a few leaf primordia on an agar medium supplemented with a high concentration (10 mg/l) of kinetin. Anatomical examination has suggested that these multiple shoots originate from a number of adventitious buds formed on the margin of the leaf. Innumerable shoots can be(More)
BACKGROUND It has been shown that expression of the potent angiogenic factor, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and its receptors, flt-1 (VEGFR-1) and KDR/Flk-1 (VEGFR-2), increased during the development of liver fibrosis. AIMS To elucidate the in vivo role of interaction between VEGF and its receptors in liver fibrogenesis. METHODS A model of(More)
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is frequently activated in patients with chronic liver diseases. Angiotensin-II (AT-II) has been suggested to play an important role in liver fibrogenesis. It induces hepatic stellate cell (HSC) proliferation and up-regulates the transforming growth factor beta(1) (TGF-beta(1)) expression via AT-II type 1 receptor(More)
Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) has been shown to be increased in liver fibrosis development both in murine experimental models and human samples. However, the direct role of TIMP-1 during liver fibrosis development has not been defined. To address this issue, we developed transgenic mice overexpressing human TIMP-1 (hTIMP-1) in the liver(More)
BMAL1 is a putative clock gene which encodes a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH)-PAS transcription factor. To examine whether the CLOCK protein is required for the circadian expression of BMAL1 mRNA, in situ hybridization and Northern blot analysis were performed in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) and peripheral tissues of homozygous Clock mutant mice. In the(More)