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The detection of microaneurysms in digital color fundus photographs is a critical first step in automated screening for diabetic retinopathy (DR), a common complication of diabetes. To accomplish this detection numerous methods have been published in the past but none of these was compared with each other on the same data. In this work we present the(More)
The purpose of this study is to develop a technique for computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems to detect lung nodules in helical X-ray pulmonary computed tomography CT) images. We propose a novel template-matching technique based on a genetic algorithm (GA) template matching (GATM) for detecting nodules existing within the lung area; the GA was used to(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of coronary binary in-stent restenosis (ISR) with angiography using 64-slice multislice computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) compared with invasive coronary angiography (ICA). BACKGROUND A noninvasive detection of ISR would result in an easier and safer way to conduct patient(More)
The aim of this paper is to describe three emerging computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems induced by Japanese health care needs. CAD has been developing fast in the last two decades. The idea of using a computer to help in medical image diagnosis is not new. Some pioneer studies are dated back to the 1960s. In 1998, the first U.S. FDA (Food and Drug(More)
Accurately identifying corresponded landmarks from a population of shape instances is the major challenge in constructing statistical shape models. In this paper, we address this landmark-based shape-correspondence problem for 3D cases by developing a highly efficient landmark-sliding algorithm. This algorithm is able to quickly refine all the landmarks in(More)
The authors developed a simple method for determining the presampling modulation transfer function (MTF). which includes the unsharpness of the detector and the effect of the sampling aperture, in digital radiographic (DR) systems. With this method, the presampling MTF is determined by the Fourier transform of a ;finely sampled' line spread function (LSF)(More)
We have previously demonstrated that long-term inhibition of Rho-kinase ameliorates pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in animal models. In the present study, we examined acute vasodilator effects of inhaled fasudil, a specific Rho-kinase inhibitor, as a more feasible option to locally deliver the drug for PAH. We examined 15 patients with PAH (13 women(More)
The behavior of cells is generally considered to be regulated by environmental factors, but the molecules in the milieu of neural stem cells have been little studied. We found by immunohistochemistry that chondroitin sulfate (CS) existed in the surroundings of nestin-positive cells or neural stem/progenitor cells in the rat ventricular zone of the(More)
Numerous publications and commercial systems are available that deal with automatic detection of pulmonary nodules in thoracic computed tomography scans, but a comparative study where many systems are applied to the same data set has not yet been performed. This paper introduces ANODE09 ( http://anode09.isi.uu.nl), a database of 55 scans from a lung cancer(More)