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Stem cells can self-renew and produce different cell types, thus providing new strategies to regenerate missing tissues and treat diseases. In the field of dentistry, adult mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) have been identified in several oral and maxillofacial tissues, which suggests that the oral tissues are a rich source of stem cells, and oral stem(More)
Techniques developed for the in vitro reproduction of three-dimensional (3D) biomimetic tissue will be valuable for investigating changes in cell function in tissues and for fabricating cell/matrix composites for applications in tissue engineering techniques. In this study, we show that the simple application of a continuous strain to a fibrin gel(More)
Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4/GKLF/EZF) is a zinc finger type of transcription factor highly expressed in the skin, intestine, testis, lung and bone. The role played by Klf4 has been studied extensively in normal epithelial development and maintenance; however, its role in bone cells is unknown. Previous reports showed that Klf4 is expressed in the developing(More)
The fabrication of biomimetic skeletal myocyte constructs continues to present a challenge to functional tissue engineering. The skeletal myogenesis of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BMSCs) to mimic the native tissue architecture offers great therapeutic promise, but remains particularly difficult. The aim of this study was to examine the(More)
BACKGROUND Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells efficiently generated from accessible tissues have the potential for clinical applications. Oral gingiva, which is often resected during general dental treatments and treated as biomedical waste, is an easily obtainable tissue, and cells can be isolated from patients with minimal discomfort. (More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to assess the persistent presence of microorganisms on patient-derived dental impressions and gypsum casts, while highlighting important human pathogens such as Candida, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. MATERIALS AND METHODS The practices and opinions regarding cross-infection control(More)
Oral candidosis (syn. Oral candidiasis; OC), is a collective term given to a group of oral mucosal disorders caused by the fugal pathogen belonging to the genus Candida. The association of OC with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been known since the advent of the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) pandemic. OC is one of the(More)
New technologies that facilitate solid alveolar ridge augmentation are receiving considerable attention in the field of prosthodontics because of the growing requirement for esthetic and functional reconstruction by dental implant treatments. Recently, several studies have demonstrated potential advantages for stem-cell-based therapies in regenerative(More)
Tissue engineering involves the construction of transplantable tissues in which bone marrow aspirates may serve as an accessible source of autogenous multipotential mesenchymal stem cells. Increasing reports indicate that the lineage restriction of adult mesenchymal stem cells may be less established than previously believed, and stem cell-based(More)
INTRODUCTION Short collagen IX, the exclusive isoform expressed by osteoblasts, is synthesized through alternative transcription of the col9a1 gene. The function of short collagen IX in bone was characterized in col9a1-null mutant mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS Trabecular bone morphometry of lumbar bones and tibias was evaluated by muCT and nondecalcified(More)