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It is well recognized that high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol is antiatherogenic and serves a role in mediating cholesterol efflux from cells. However, HDL has multiple additional endothelial and antithrombotic actions that may also afford cardiovascular protection. HDL promotes the production of the atheroprotective signaling molecule nitric oxide(More)
BACKGROUND High-density lipoprotein (HDL) protects against arterial atherothrombosis, but it is unknown whether it protects against recurrent venous thromboembolism. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied 772 patients after a first spontaneous venous thromboembolism (average follow-up 48 months) and recorded the end point of symptomatic recurrent venous(More)
Dyslipoproteinemia involving low levels of high density lipoprotein (HDL) is linked to venous thrombosis in young male adults and to recurrence of venous thrombosis in patients who have experienced a previous unprovoked venous thrombosis episode. Plasma cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) modulates HDL metabolism and some lipoproteins can affect blood(More)
Regulation of hemostasis and thrombosis involves numerous plasma factors that contribute to procoagulant and anticoagulant pathways. Lipid-containing surfaces provide sites where both procoagulant and anticoagulant enzymes, cofactors and substrates are assembled to express their activities. Plasma and lipoproteins can contribute to either procoagulant or(More)
Binding of activated protein C (APC) to cells triggers multiple beneficial cytoprotective activities that suppress apoptosis, inflammation, and endothelial barrier breakdown. One paradigm for APC's signaling emphasizes its binding to endothelial cell protein C receptor (EPCR) and subsequent protease activated receptor (PAR)-1 activation. Here we used human(More)
BACKGROUND Although dyslipoproteinemia is associated with arterial atherothrombosis, little is known about plasma lipoproteins in venous thrombosis patients. METHODS AND RESULTS We determined plasma lipoprotein subclass concentrations using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and antigenic levels of apolipoproteins AI and B in blood samples from 49(More)
Elevated plasma fibronectin levels occur in various clinical states including arterial disease. Increasing evidence suggests that atherothrombosis and venous thromboembolism (VTE) share common risk factors. To assess the hypothesis that high plasma fibronectin levels are associated with VTE, we compared plasma fibronectin levels in the Scripps Venous(More)
Anticardiolipin (anti-CL) antibodies, diagnostic for antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, are associated with increased risks of venous and arterial thrombosis. Because CL selectively enhances activated protein C/protein S-dependent anticoagulant activities in purified systems and because CL is not known to be a normal plasma component, we searched for CL in(More)
To assess the relationship between venous thrombosis and plasma glucosylceramide (GlcCer) or phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), plasma levels of GlcCer and PE were determined for 70 venous thrombosis patients referred for evaluation and 70 healthy blood donors. The mean GlcCer level, but not the PE level, was lower in patients versus controls (4.9 vs 6.5(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was conducted to resolve the striking controversy between our previous report that high-density lipoprotein (HDL) enhances activated protein C (APC)/protein S anticoagulant actions and a subsequent, contradicting report that HDL lacks this activity. APPROACH AND RESULTS When fresh HDL preparations from 2 laboratories were subjected to(More)