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PURPOSE Recent studies reported that clinical responsiveness to gefitinib was associated with somatic mutation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene in non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). Here, we investigated the relationship between EGFR mutation and clinicopathologic features. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN EGFR mutational status of 120 NSCLCs was(More)
Friedreich ataxia (FRDA), the most common autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease among Europeans and people of European descent, is characterized by an early onset (usually before the age of 25), progressive ataxia, sensory loss, absence of tendon reflexes and pyramidal weakness of the legs. We have recently identified a unique group of patients(More)
To elucidate the molecular mechanisms whereby expanded polyglutamine stretches elicit a gain of toxic function, we expressed full-length and truncated DRPLA (dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy) cDNAs with or without expanded CAG repeats in COS-7 cells. We found that truncated DRPLA proteins containing an expanded polyglutamine stretch form filamentous(More)
The threonine-to-methionine substitution at amino acid position 790 (T790M) of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene has been reported in progressing lesions after gefitinib treatment in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that causes sensitive tumors to become resistant to gefitinib. Alternatively, the EGFR T790M mutation might be present in(More)
We investigated the frequency and function of mutations and increased copy number of the PIK3CA gene in lung cancers. PIK3CA mutations are one of the most common gene changes present in human cancers. We analyzed the mutational status of exons 9 and 20 and gene copy number of PIK3CA using 86 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines, 43 small cell lung(More)
OBJECTIVE The study objective was to examine the incidence, risk factors, and mortality rate of acute exacerbation of interstitial lung diseases in patients with lung cancer undergoing pulmonary resection in a large-scale multi-institutional cohort. METHODS We retrospectively analyzed 1763 patients with non-small cell lung cancer who had undergone(More)
In this paper, an analysis of test time by CBET (which is an acronym for Combination of BIST and External Test) test approach is presented. The analysis validates that CBET test approach can achieve shorter testing time than both external test and BIST in many situations. An efficient test time minimization algorithm for CBET-based LSIs is also proposed. It(More)
OBJECTIVE Our objective was to evaluate the outcomes of radiofrequency ablation for nonsurgical candidates with clinical stage I non-small cell lung cancer. METHODS This study was carried out on 20 nonsurgical candidates (11 men and 9 women; mean age, 75.6 years) with clinical stage I (IA, n = 14; IB, n = 6) non-small cell lung cancer. All patients were(More)
PURPOSE Mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene have been reported to be present in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and related to the responsiveness of tumors to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors, suggesting its usefulness as a biomarker. Because clinical samples contain tumor and normal cells or genes, a highly sensitive assay for(More)