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POU domain proteins are a large family of transcriptional regulatory proteins, many of which are implicated in the control of gene expression during early development. We describe here the cloning and expression of zebrafish pou2, a novel POU domain gene related to the mouse germ-line-specific transcription factor oct-3. Zebrafish pou2 is maternally(More)
We have established a transgenic zebrafish line carrying a shuttle vector plasmid (pML4) for detecting mutagens in aquatic environments. The plasmid contains the rpsL gene of Escherichia coli as a mutational target gene, and the kanamycin-resistance gene for recovering the plasmid from the chromosomal DNA. To evaluate the system, we treated embryos of the(More)
Gene delivery has shown potential in a variety of applications, including basic research, therapies for inborn genetic defects, cancer, AIDS, tissue engineering, and vaccination. Most available systems have serious drawbacks, such as safety hazards, inefficiency under in vivo-like conditions, and expensive production. When using naked DNA, for instance, a(More)
Moloney murine leukaemia virus (MoMLV) enters host cells by membrane fusion between the viral envelope and the host cell membrane. The cytoplasmic tail (R peptide) of the MoMLV envelope protein (Env) is cleaved by the viral protease during virion maturation. R peptide-truncated Env induces syncytia in susceptible cells but R peptide-containing Env does not,(More)
Three transgenic mouse lines, ICR-PVRTg1, ICR-PVRTg5, and ICR-PVRTg21, which are susceptible to poliovirus, have been established by introducing the human gene for poliovirus receptor (PVR) into the genome of mouse strain ICR. Genetic characterizations of the PVR gene were carried out on these mouse lines to define the approximate copy number, insertion(More)
We have isolated a POU domain-containing cDNA (ZFPOU1) from a cDNA library of zebrafish (Brachydanio rerio). The ZFPOU1 cDNA contained an open reading frame encoding a 425 amino acid peptide. The conserved POU domain was located near the carboxy terminus. The deduced amino acid sequence of the reading frame was most similar to that of the mouse class III(More)
In order to obtain evidence for the essential role of the single base insertion occurring at the 3' end of the env-related gene of Friend spleen focus-forming virus (SFFV) encoding the leukemogenic glycoprotein (gp55) a mutant SFFV genome was constructed in which the segment of the gp55 gene of the polycythemia-inducing strain of SFFV containing the single(More)
Friend spleen focus-forming virus (F-SFFV) causes acute erythroleukemia in mice and encodes in its defective env gene an Env-like membrane glycoprotein (gp55). The F-SFFV env gene has three characteristic structures compared with that of ecotropic murine leukemia viruses (MuLVs): substitution by the polytropic MuLV env sequence, a 585-bp deletion, and a(More)
A hitherto unknown function of midkine (MK) was found in the regulation of fibrinolytic activity of vascular endothelial cells. Recombinant murine MK enhanced plasminogen activator (PA)/plasmin levels in bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs) in a dose- and time-dependent manner. After incubation with 10 ng/ml MK for 18 h, PA and plasmin levels increased(More)