Yasushi Ishida19
Gen Murakami16
Kwang Ho Cho10
Ryuichiro Takeda9
Toshikazu Nishimori9
19Yasushi Ishida
16Gen Murakami
10Kwang Ho Cho
9Ryuichiro Takeda
9Toshikazu Nishimori
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To adapt behavior to a changing environment, one must monitor outcomes of executed actions and adjust subsequent actions accordingly. Involvement of the medial frontal cortex in performance monitoring has been suggested, but little is known about neural processes that link performance monitoring to performance adjustment. Here, we recorded from neurons in(More)
OBJECTIVE In the transsylvian approach to the mediobasal temporal structures, the temporal horn is approached through the floor of the sylvian fissure. The anterior bundle of the optic radiations (Meyer's loop) courses between the floor of the sylvian fissure and roof of the temporal horn and could be damaged in this approach. This study was designed to(More)
In contrast to the slow rate of depolymerization of pure actin in vitro, populations of actin filaments in vivo turn over rapidly. Therefore, the rate of actin depolymerization must be accelerated by one or more factors in the cell. Since the actin dynamics in Listeria monocytogenes tails bear many similarities to those in the lamellipodia of moving cells,(More)
Xenopus actin-interacting protein 1 (XAip1) is thought to promote fragmentation of actin filaments by cofilin. To examine the mechanism of XAip1, we measured polymer lengths by fluorescence microscopy and the concentration of filament ends with an elongation assay. Cofilin creates ends by severing actin filaments. XAip1 alone does not sever actin filaments(More)
The ability of nursing mothers to entrain the circadian pacemaker of rat pups was examined by measuring the rat Per1 (rPer1) and rPer2 expression levels in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN). Newborn rats from mothers under a light-dark cycle (LD) were blinded immediately after birth and reared by foster mothers under either LD (LD blind pups) or reversed(More)
Kir6.2, a subunit of the ATP-sensitive K(+) channel (K(ATP)), was localized in adult rat brain by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. The Kir6.2 mRNA was widely expressed in most rat brain neuronal populations and nuclei examined, intensely in the mitral cell layer and tufted cells of the olfactory bulb, pontine nucleus, pontine reticular(More)
To clarify functional roles of histamine in the circadian clock system, circadian rhythms of behavior and clock gene expression in the brain were examined in the mouse lacking histidine decarboxylase (HDC-/- mouse). Wheel-running and spontaneous locomotion were recorded under light-dark cycle (LD) and constant darkness (DD). mPer1, mPer2 and mBMAL1 mRNA(More)
The present study was designed to determine the degree of functional dissociation between the rat perirhinal cortex and hippocampus for reference memory performance on object and place discrimination tasks. In one experiment, 30 rats were trained on a two-pair concurrent object discrimination task in an elevated radial arm maze. Rats with a perirhinal(More)
To investigate the role mesostriatal dopamine system plays in pain processing, we examined the withdrawal response of rat hindpaws to mechanical stimulus at 1, 4, and 12 weeks after unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesions of the mesostriatal pathway. In all of the 6-OHDA rats examined, almost no tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunoreactivity was detected(More)
Knowledge about hypothetical outcomes from unchosen actions is beneficial only when such outcomes can be correctly attributed to specific actions. Here we show that during a simulated rock-paper-scissors game, rhesus monkeys can adjust their choice behaviors according to both actual and hypothetical outcomes from their chosen and unchosen actions,(More)