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Ryanodine receptor 1 (RYR1) gene mutations are associated with central core disease (CCD), multiminicore disease (MmD) and malignant hyperthermia (MH), and have been reported to be responsible for 47-67% of patients with CCD and rare cases with MmD. However, to date, the true frequency and distribution of the mutations along the RYR1 gene have not been(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a disorder of calcium homeostasis in skeletal muscle triggered by volatile anesthetics or succinylcholine in susceptible persons. More than 100 mutations in the ryanodine receptor type 1 gene (RYR1) have been associated with MH susceptibility, central core disease, or both. RYR1 mutations may account for up to 70%(More)
CD1d-restricted invariant NKT (iNKT) cells play crucial roles in various types of immune responses, including autoimmune diseases, infectious diseases and tumor surveillance. The mechanisms underlying their adjuvant functions are well understood. Nevertheless, although IL-4 and IL-10 production characterize iNKT cells able to prevent or ameliorate some(More)
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a monomer used in manufacturing a wide range of chemical products, including epoxy resins and polycarbonate. BPA, an important endocrine disrupting chemical that exerts estrogen-like activities, is detectable at nanomolar levels in human serum worldwide. The pregnancy associated doses of 17beta-estradiol (E2) plus tumor-necrosis(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted this study to examine, in cerebral parenchymal arterioles, whether 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) induces constrictor responses via superoxide and whether propofol reduces this constriction. METHODS Electrical field stimulation or 20-HETE was applied to rat brain slices monitored by computer-assisted microscopy. In some(More)
The present article reviewed the management of coagulopathy in the perioperative setting, following the Japanese practical guidelines for the blood component therapy, edited by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan in 2005. The threshold concentrations of platelets, prothrombin time international normalized ratio (PT-INR) and activated partial(More)
Ryanodine receptor (RyR) is a Ca(2+) channel that mediates Ca(2+) release from intracellular stores. Altered Ca(2+) homeostasis in skeletal muscle which usually occurs as a result of point mutations in type 1 RyR1 (RyR1) is a key molecular event triggering malignant hyperthermia (MH). There are three RyR isoforms, and we herein show, for the first time,(More)
We have recently reported that a neurotransmitter for pain, substance-P (SP), promotes platelet-dependent clot formation through neurokinin-1 receptors (NK1Rs), in which leukocytes appear to be involved (J Thromb Thrombolysis 2009;27:280–6). Two naturally occurring splice isoforms of NK1R with different signal transduction potency, namely the full-length(More)
Local anesthetics affect intracellular Ca2+ movement in the myocyte. The use of isomers may help to reveal specific mechanisms of action, such as receptor mediation. In the present study, we used skinned fibers from mammalian skeletal muscle to test whether bupivacaine enantiomers had different effects on Ca2+ release and uptake by the sarcoplasmic(More)
BACKGROUND Efficacy and safety of Org 9426 were compared with those of vecuronium bromide in Japanese patients. METHODS We studied 88 Japanese patients undergoing surgery requiring general anesthesia. Patients were allocated randomly to receive intubation dose of 0.6 mg x kg(-1), 0.9 mg x kg(-1) of Org 9426 or 0.1mg x kg(-1) of vecuronium. Following an(More)