Hiroo Ueyama

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We report herein the detection of intracellular bacteria in phagocyte-smears obtained from septicemia-suspected blood samples by in situ hybridization. This was obtained by using nick-translated biotin-11-dUTP-labeled DNA probes and streptavidin-alkaline phosphatase conjugates for visualization of the hybridized signals. The probes were made from random(More)
The use of glass powder suspension for the extraction of RNA or DNA was studied to simplify the procedures of polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Using this procedure, proviral DNA of human T-lymphotropic virus type-1 (HTLV-1) in the blood of an asymptomatic virus carrier and viral RNA of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the blood of an AIDS patient were(More)
Human parainfluenza virus type 1 (hPIV1) generally does not show visible plaques in common cell lines, including Lewis lung carcinoma-monkey kidney (LLC-MK(2)) cells, by plaque formation assays for human parainfluenza virus type 3 (hPIV3) and Sendai virus. In several conditions of the plaque formation assay, complete elimination of serum proteins in the(More)
In situ hybridization was used to detect intracellular Staphylococcus aureus and S. epidermidis in mouse phagocytic cells after experimental infection of C3H mice with Staphylococci via abdominal or intravenous injection. Isolated ascites or whole blood were tested by the phagocyte smear technique, using bacteriolytic enzymes to preserve phagocytic cell(More)
Poly(A) polymerase [polyadenylate nucleotidyltransferase, EC 2.7.7.19] was extracted from Tetrahymena pyriformis. The enzyme was demonstrated to be present in three forms by column chromatography on DEAE-cellulose, and they were termed poly(A) polymerase Ia, Ib, and II in order of increasing affinity to the column. The properties of enzymes Ia and Ib were(More)
The X-ray crystal structure of the paramyxoviral surface glycoprotein haemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) from Newcastle Disease virus was used as a template to design inhibitors of the HN from human parainfluenza virus type-3 (hPIV-3). 4-O-Alkylated derivatives of 2-deoxy-2,3-didehydro-N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac2en), accessed from(More)
An escape mutant of human parainfluenza virus type 1 (hPIV1), which was selected by serial passage in the presence of a sialidase inhibitor, 4-O-thiocarbamoylmethyl-2-deoxy-2,3-didehydro-N-acetylneur-aminic acid (TCM-Neu5Ac2en), exhibited remarkable syncytium formation and virus-induced cell death in LLC-MK2 cells but no difference in susceptibility for the(More)
We have investigated the characteristics and utilities of streptavidin-binding to gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria and Candida spp. The pre-treatment of these microbes with chemical reagents such as CHCl3, NaOH, and Tween 20 have allowed colorimetric visualization under light microscopy or quantitation on nitrocellulose membranes, using(More)
Human parainfluenza virus type 3 (hPIV3) recognizes both α2,3- and α2,6-linked sialic acids, whereas human parainfluenza virus type 1 (hPIV1) recognizes only α2,3-linked sialic acids. To identify amino acid residues that confer α2,6-linked sialic acid recognition of hPIV3, amino acid residues in or neighboring the sialic acid binding pocket of the hPIV3(More)
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