Hiroo Toyoda

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Regulated transcription controls the diversity, developmental pathways and spatial organization of the hundreds of cell types that make up a mammal. Using single-molecule cDNA sequencing, we mapped transcription start sites (TSSs) and their usage in human and mouse primary cells, cell lines and tissues to produce a comprehensive overview of mammalian gene(More)
The effect of casticin was investigated by focusing on cell viability, apoptosis induction and cell cycle arrest in HL-60 cells. Casticin induced a dose- and time-dependent decrease in cell viability associated with apoptosis induction and G2/M cell cycle arrest. The addition of SB203580, an inhibitor for p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), but not(More)
Arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) has been widely accepted as the second-best choice for the treatment of relapsed and refractory acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) patients. However, a few studies have been conducted on a detailed speciation of As(2)O(3) metabolites in blood samples of patients. To clarify the speciation of arsenic, the blood samples were(More)
In rodent models of diet-induced obesity, prolonged high-fat feeding increases the cellular uptake of fatty acids and causes lipotoxicity in the heart and skeletal muscle, where substrate overload to beta-oxidation generates mitochondrial stress. We examined the hypothesis that, because of its catalytic properties, acyl-CoA thioesterase (ACOT) would(More)
Organic solute carrier partner 1 (OSCP1) is a mammalian, transporter-related protein that is able to facilitate the uptake of structurally diverse organic compounds into the cell when expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. This protein has been implicated in testicular handling of organic solutes because its mRNA expression is almost exclusive in the testis.(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity and metabolic syndrome are important public concerns, and there is increasing demand for effective therapeutic strategies. Flavonoids are expected to improve the risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome. Anthocyanidins are a kind of flavonoids; well known for their anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor properties.(More)
We have previously reported that an ethanol extract of the dried ripe fruit of Vitex agnus-castus (Vitex) displays cytotoxic activity against certain kinds of human cancer cell line resulting in the induction of apoptosis. In this paper, we investigate the molecular mechanism of apoptosis induced by Vitex using a human gastric signet ring carcinoma cell(More)
Arsenic disulfide (As₂S₂) has been traditionally used to treat certain types of leukemia. However, a detailed mechanism of action of As₂S₂ is not sufficiently documented. The effects of As₂S₂ on HL-60 cells were therefore investigated by focusing on proliferation, differentiation, generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), intracellular glutathione (GSH)(More)
© 2012 Yuan et al., licensee InTech. This is an open access chapter distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Cytocidal Effects of Polyphenolic Compounds,(More)
We have been investigating an apoptosis induction in human fetal membrane cells by influenza virus (IV) infection and the contribution of apoptosis induction to the viral infection-defense response between a fetus and the maternal body. For studying any role of uterine cells in the anti-viral response, we investigated the molecular mechanism of the(More)