Hiroo Tanaka

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Claudins (Cldn) are essential membrane proteins of tight junctions (TJs), which form the paracellular permselective barrier. They are produced by a multi-gene family of 24 reported members in mouse and human. Based on a comprehensive search combined with phylogenetic analyses, we identified three novel claudins (claudin-25, -26, and -27). Quantitative(More)
A proteomic differential display technique was utilized to study cellular responses of Phanerochaete chrysosporium exposed to vanillin, one of the key intermediates found during lignin biodegradation. Intracellular proteins were resolved by 2-DE and target protein spots were identified using MALDI-MS after in-gel tryptic digestions. Upon addition of(More)
Interactions between photoautotrophic and heterotrophic metabolism in photoheterotrophic culture of Euglena gracilis were studied. Under a low light supply coefficient, these two metabolic activities seem to proceed independently. The cell growth rate in photoheterotrophic culture was about the sum of the growth rates in pure photoautotrophic and(More)
OBJECTIVE To design novel anti-inflammation treatments, it is important to recognise two distinct steps of inflammation: initiation and acceleration. In IBDs, intestinal inflammation is reported to be accelerated by dysfunction in the epithelial paracellular barrier formed by tight junctions (TJs). However, it is unclear whether changes in paracellular(More)
The fungal metabolism of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) was investigated using the lignin-degrading basidiomycete, Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Despite its phenolic feature, 4-NP was not oxidized by extracellular ligninolytic peroxidases. However, 4-NP was converted to 1,2-dimethoxy-4-nitrobenzene via intermediate formation of 4-nitroanisole by the fungus only under(More)
The feasibility of improving mass transfer characteristics of inclined tubular photobioreactors by installation of static mixers was investigated. The mass transfer characteristics of the tubular photobioreactor varied depending on the type (shape) and the number of static mixers. The volumetric oxygen transfer coefficient (k La) and gas hold up of the(More)
A circulating loop bioreactor (CLB) with cells immobilized in loofa sponge was constructed for simultaneous aerobic and anaerobic processes. The CLB consists of an aerated riser and a non-aerated downcomer column connected at the top and bottom by cylindrical pipes. Ethanol production from raw cassava starch was investigated in the CLB. Aspergillus awamori(More)
Activation of lignin peroxidase (LIP) in an organic solvent by reversed micelles was investigated. Bis(2-ethylhexyl)sulfosuccinate sodium salt (AOT) was used as a surfactant to form a reversed micelle. Lyophilized LIP from an optimized aqueous solution exhibited no enzymatic activity in any organic solvents examined in this study; however, LIP was(More)
Using the differential display reverse-transcriptional polymerase chain reaction (DDRT-PCR) technique, several cDNA fragments were isolated as chemical stress responsive genes from the white-rot basidiomycete, Coriolus versicolor, exposed to either 4-methyldibenzothiophene-5-oxide (4MDBTO) or dibenzothiophene-5-oxide (DBTO). A database search on deduced(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Bile formation and secretion are essential functions of the hepatobiliary system. Bile flow is generated by transepithelial transport of water and ionic/nonionic solutes via transcellular and paracellular pathways that is mainly driven by osmotic pressure. We examined the role of tight junction-based paracellular transport in bile(More)