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AIMS We retrospectively investigated the diagnostic accuracy and complication rate of transthoracic core biopsy using an automated biopsy gun and compared the findings with those of aspiration needle biopsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Seventy-three patients underwent 74 core biopsy procedures and 50 patients underwent 52 aspiration biopsy procedures. Of these,(More)
In this study, we established and studied cytokine production of T cell lines (TCL) specific to either a purified protein derivative of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (PPD) or Dermatophagoides farinae (Df) from atopic patients and non-atopic healthy subjects. IFN-gamma was detected in the culture supernatants of all of 36 PPD-specific TCL established from(More)
Using computed tomography (CT), the authors determined significant signs of overinflation. Both the pulmonary function tests (PFT) and CT of 74 patients who underwent thoracic surgery for lung cancer (44 with normal lung function, 30 with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) were reviewed. The following were correlated with forced expiratory volume in 1(More)
The function of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in bone development is to regulate the differentiation or proliferation of osteoblastic, osteoclastic, and chondrocytic lineage, affecting bone mineralization and linear bone growth. An A(T/C)G substitution exists in the first of the two putative translation initiation sites in exon 2 of the vitamin D receptor (VDR)(More)
OBJECTIVE Although the polymorphisms of the cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA4) gene have been shown to be associated with Type 1 diabetes in Caucasians, some conflicting results have been reported among subjects of different ethnic backgrounds. We examined a CTLA4 polymorphism and its relationship to human leucocyte antigen (HLA) genotypes and(More)
The effect of ascorbate in reducing Adriamycin toxicity has been examined in mice and guinea pigs. Ascorbate had no effect on the antitumor activity of Adriamycin in mice inoculated with leukemia L1210, but it significantly prolonged the life of mice and guinea pigs treated with Adriamycin. Adriamycin elevated lipid peroxide levels in serum and liver, and(More)
Pseudovitamin D deficiency rickets (PDDR) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by defect in the activation of vitamin D. We recently isolated 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 1alpha-hydroxylase gene and identified four homozygous inactivating missense mutations in this gene by analysis of four typical cases of PDDR. This disease shows some phenotypic variation,(More)
Graves disease is an autoimmune thyroid disease characterized by the presence of antibodies against the thyrotropin receptor (TSHR), which stimulate the thyroid to cause hyperthyroidism and/or goiter. By immunizing mice with fibroblasts transfected with both the human TSHR and a major histocompatibility complex class II molecule, but not by either alone, we(More)
Adriamycin (ADR) is effective against a wide range of human neoplasms. However, its clinical use is compromised by serious cardiac toxicity, possibly through induction of peroxidation in cardiac lipids. Ascorbic acid, a potent antioxidant, was examined for effect in reducing ADR toxicity in mice and guinea pigs. Ascorbic acid had no effect on the antitumor(More)
Activating mutations of the extracellular calcium (Ca2+e)-sensing receptor (CaR) gene, mostly in its extracellular domain, can cause both familial and sporadic hypoparathyroidism. We report a Japanese family with severe hypoparathyroidism with pretreatment serum calcium (Ca) levels of 4.9-5.9 mg/dL. The proband presented with a seizure at 6 days of age. Her(More)