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AIMS We retrospectively investigated the diagnostic accuracy and complication rate of transthoracic core biopsy using an automated biopsy gun and compared the findings with those of aspiration needle biopsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Seventy-three patients underwent 74 core biopsy procedures and 50 patients underwent 52 aspiration biopsy procedures. Of these,(More)
Activating mutations of the extracellular calcium (Ca2+e)-sensing receptor (CaR) gene, mostly in its extracellular domain, can cause both familial and sporadic hypoparathyroidism. We report a Japanese family with severe hypoparathyroidism with pretreatment serum calcium (Ca) levels of 4.9-5.9 mg/dL. The proband presented with a seizure at 6 days of age. Her(More)
Graves disease is an autoimmune thyroid disease characterized by the presence of antibodies against the thyrotropin receptor (TSHR), which stimulate the thyroid to cause hyperthyroidism and/or goiter. By immunizing mice with fibroblasts transfected with both the human TSHR and a major histocompatibility complex class II molecule, but not by either alone, we(More)
BACKGROUND Pseudovitamin D-deficiency rickets is characterized by the early onset of rickets with hypocalcemia and is thought to be caused by a deficit in renal 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 1alpha-hydroxylase, the key enzyme for the synthesis of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. METHODS We cloned human 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 1alpha-hydroxylase complementary DNA (cDNA)(More)
The function of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in bone development is to regulate the differentiation or proliferation of osteoblastic, osteoclastic, and chondrocytic lineage, affecting bone mineralization and linear bone growth. An A(T/C)G substitution exists in the first of the two putative translation initiation sites in exon 2 of the vitamin D receptor (VDR)(More)
OBJECTIVE Although the polymorphisms of the cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA4) gene have been shown to be associated with Type 1 diabetes in Caucasians, some conflicting results have been reported among subjects of different ethnic backgrounds. We examined a CTLA4 polymorphism and its relationship to human leucocyte antigen (HLA) genotypes and(More)
Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is thought to be uncommon in children. An epidemiological study to describe the clinical features distinguishing SS in Japanese children was performed by sending questionnaires to hospitals. A total of 61 cases of SS were reported from 1290 hospitals. The diagnosis of SS was based on histopathological changes and/or sialographic(More)
The effect of magnesium deficiency on vitamin D metabolism was assessed in 23 hypocalcemic magnesium-deficient patients by measuring the serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25-(OH)2D] before, during, and after 5-13 days of parenteral magnesium therapy. Magnesium therapy raised mean basal serum magnesium [1.0(More)
To determine the extent of brain damage in children with spastic diplegia, we analyzed the true midsagittal magnetic resonance imaging findings for the corpus callosum in 43 children with spastic diplegia and in 69 neurologically normal children. In the normal children, the thicknesses of the genu, midbody, splenium and the entire corpus callosum were found(More)
Since the attainment of higher bone mineral density (BMD) is a crucial strategy in preventing age-related bone loss and consequent fracture, we determined when bone mass of the lumbar spine (L2-L4) (g/cm2) and femoral neck (g/cm2) reaches its peak in healthy Japanese subjects and examined the influence of early exposure to estrogen and estrogen deficiency(More)