Hironori Ishibashi

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We established six T cell clones specific for pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC)-E2 peptides from four different patients with primary biliary cirrhosis using 33 different peptides of 17-20 amino acid residues corresponding to human PDC-E2 as stimulating antigens. The minimal T cell epitopes of these six T cell clones were all mapped to the same region of(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the prevalence of radiographic knee osteoarthritis (OA) and knee pain in the Japanese elderly using a large-scale population of a nationwide cohort study, Research on Osteoarthritis Against Disability (ROAD), and examined their association. METHODS From the baseline survey of the ROAD study, 2,282 participants > or =60 years (817(More)
The human PDC-E2 163-176 peptide (GDLLAEIETDKATI) is an immunodominant autoreactive T-cell epitope in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), restricted by HLA DRB4*0101. We have previously reported that the ExDK sequence is essential for recognition of this epitope and identified 1 mimicry peptide, Escherichia coli PDC-E2 peptide (EQSLITVEGDKASM),(More)
BACKGROUND An increase in the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Japan since the 1980s suggests an imminent outbreak in other countries where viral spread occurred more recently. Interferon therapy for chronic hepatitis C, in general, has been shown to prevent HCC. AIMS To determine the scale of benefit in individual patients. SUBJECTS(More)
The immunodominant antimitochondrial antibody response in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is directed against the E2 component of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC-E2). Based on our earlier observations regarding peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) T cell epitopes, we reasoned that a comparative analysis of the precursor frequencies(More)
1. The effect of experimental ischaemia on the response to gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) was assessed in acutely dissociated CA1 pyramidal neurones of rats, using the patch-clamp technique. 2. Rapid application of 3 x 10(-5) M GABA induced a bicuculline-sensitive inward Cl- current (IGABA) at a holding potential (Vh) of -44 mV. The peak amplitude of IGABA(More)
Effects of selective Ca2+ channel blockers on GABAergic inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs) were studied in the acutely dissociated rat nucleus basalis of Meynert (nBM) neurons attached with nerve endings, namely, the "synaptic bouton" preparation, and in the thin slices of nBM, using nystatin perforated and conventional whole-cell patch recording(More)
OBJECTIVE Somatosensory evoked magnetic fields (SEFs) were recorded to investigate the interaction of the somatosensory inputs using the modality of electrical finger stimulation in 6 normal subjects. METHODS Electrical stimuli were given to the index (II), middle (III) or little (V) fingers individually, and also to pairs of either the II and III(More)
OBJECTIVES Although lumbar spondylosis is a major cause of low back pain and disability in elderly people, few epidemiological studies have been performed. The prevalence of radiographic lumbar spondylosis was investigated in a large-scale population study and the association with low back pain was examined. METHODS From a nationwide cohort study(More)
The nonenzymatic glycosylation (glycation) of Cu-Zn-superoxide dismutase led to gradual inactivation of the enzyme (Arai, K. Iizuka, S., Tada, Y., Oikawa, K., and Taniguchi, N. (1987) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 924, 292-296). The purified superoxide dismutase from human erythrocytes comprises both glycated and nonglycated forms. The nonglycated Cu-Zn-superoxide(More)