Hironori Ando

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Kisspeptins are a family of neuropeptides encoded by Kiss1 and Kiss2 genes, and participate in neuroendocrine regulation of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion through activating their receptor, Kiss1r (or GPR54). Bioinformatic analyses have shown that there is a single gene for each kisspeptin (Kiss2) and its receptor (Kiss1r) in pufferfish,(More)
We examined the genetic population structure of chum salmon, Oncorhynchus keta, in the Pacific Rim using mitochondrial (mt) DNA analysis. Nucleotide sequence analysis of about 500 bp in the variable portion of the 5′ end of the mtDNA control region revealed 20 variable nucleotide sites, which defined 30 haplotypes of three genealogical clades (A, B, and C),(More)
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) stimulates gonadotropin (GTH) subunit gene expression via G protein-coupled membrane receptors. GnRH-stimulated GTH subunit gene expression is mediated by protein kinase C (PKC) and Ca(2+) signaling pathways. Recent numerous reports on signal transduction pathways which are involved in GnRH stimulation of mammalian GTH(More)
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is considered to stimulate secretion of growth hormone (GH), prolactin (PRL), and somatolactin (SL) at particular stages of growth and sexual maturation in teleost fishes. We therefore examined seasonal variation in the pituitary levels of GH/PRL/SL mRNAs, and tried to clarify seasonal changes of responses to GnRH in(More)
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) plays a central role in the control of reproductive function in vertebrates. In salmonids, salmon GnRH (sGnRH) secreted by preoptic GnRH neurons regulates gonadal maturation through stimulation of synthesis and release of pituitary gonadotropins (GTHs). In addition, several lines of our evidence indicate that sGnRH is(More)
Detailed distribution of mRNAs encoding alpha and beta subunits of soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) was examined in the brain of rainbow trout by in situ hybridization. In addition, distribution of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) was mapped in adjacent parallel sections by neuronal NOS (nNOS) immunocytochemistry and NADPH-diaphorase (NADPHd) histochemistry.(More)
Expression of genes encoding growth hormone (GH), prolactin (PRL), and somatolactin (SL) in growing and maturing salmon was stimulated by gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analog during particular periods of the life cycle. GnRH therefore appears to directly and/or indirectly regulate gene expression for GH, PRL, and SL in combination with the(More)
Among the RFamide peptide family, the LPXRFamide peptide (LPXRFa) group regulates the release of various pituitary hormones and, recently, LPXRFa genes were found to be regulated by photoperiod via melatonin. As a first step towards investigating the role of LPXRFa on reproductive function in grass puffer (Takifugu niphobles), which spawns in semilunar(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) has been shown to be involved in pubertal activation of gonadotropin (GTH) secretion. The aim of this study was to determine if IGF-I directly stimulates synthesis and release of GTH at an early stage of gametogenesis. The effects of IGF-I on expression of genes encoding glycoprotein alpha (GPalpha), follicle-stimulating(More)
Pacific salmon migrate from ocean through the natal river for spawning. Information on expression of genes encoding osmoregulatory hormones and migratory behavior is important for understanding of molecular events that underlie osmoregulation of homing salmon. In the present article, regulation of gene expression for osmoregulatory hormones in pre-spawning(More)