Hironobu Yoshimatsu

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Neuromedin U (NMU) is a brain-gut peptide whose peripheral activities are well-understood but whose central actions have yet to be clarified. The recent identification of two NMU receptors in rat brain has provided a springboard for further investigation into its role in the central nervous system. Intracerebroventricular administration of NMU to(More)
Adiponectin, an adipocytokine, has been identified in adipose tissue, and its receptors are widely distributed in many tissues, including the liver. The present study was performed to clarify the role of adiponectin in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced liver injury using KK-Ay obese mice. We analyzed the effects of adiponectin pretreatment on liver injury(More)
We investigated the effect of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), a member of the proinflammatory cytokine family, on steatosis of the mouse liver by analyzing morphological changes and hepatic triglyceride content in response to TNF-alpha. We also examined expression of the sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c gene. Intraperitoneal injection(More)
To investigate the effects of neuropeptide Y (NPY) on sympathetic nerve activity to interscapular brown adipose tissue (IBAT), we injected NPY into the third cerebroventricle (icv), medial preoptic area (MPOA), anterior hypothalamic area (AHA), paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus (PVN), ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus (VMN), and lateral hypothalamic area(More)
There is evidence that the obesity phenotype in the Caucasian populations is associated with variations in several genes, including neuronal growth regulator 1 (NEGR1), SEC16 homolog B (SCE16B), transmembrane protein 18 (TMEM18), ets variant 5 (ETV5), glucosamine-6-phosphate deaminase 2 (GNPDA2), prolactin (PRL), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF),(More)
Neuromedin U (NMU) is a hypothalamic peptide that has been recently found to reduce food intake, but few is known about its other functions in the central nervous system. We here studied behavioral activities induced by an intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of NMU in rats and mice. NMU increased gross locomotor activity, face washing behavior, and(More)
AbstractVariations in the fat-mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) are associated with the obesity phenotype in many Caucasian populations. This association with the obesity phenotype is not clear in the Japanese. To investigate the relationship between the FTO gene and obesity in the Japanese, we genotyped single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the(More)
The human glycoprotein PC-1 codon Q121 allele has been correlated with insulin resistance, but not with type 2 diabetes or obesity. We investigated the prevalence of PC-1 Q121 in the Dominican Republic population (755 subjects studied) and whether this variant is associated with insulin resistance, obesity, or type 2 diabetes. The prevalence of PC-1 Q121(More)
Receptor-activator of NF-kappaB ligand (TNFSF11, also known as RANKL, OPGL, TRANCE and ODF) and its tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-family receptor RANK are essential regulators of bone remodelling, lymph node organogenesis and formation of a lactating mammary gland. RANKL and RANK are also expressed in the central nervous system. However, the functional(More)
AIMS The heart rate (HR) responses after performance of the squatting and standing manoeuvre are thought to be a useful tool to assess autonomic neuropathy in diabetics. Our aim was to develop new simple squatting test indices and to analyse their applicability to the assessment of baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) in patients with diabetes. METHODS Twenty(More)