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We studied the effect of morphine on the current induced by glycine in acutely dissociated nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) neurones of guinea pigs, by use of the whole-cell patch clamp technique. Morphine inhibited 30 microM glycine-induced current (Igly), without affecting the current caused by 30 microM GABA. The effect of morphine was(More)
AIMS Platelets participate in the pathogenesis of arterial thrombosis and it has been demonstrated that enhanced platelet activation occurs in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Dyslipidaemia is a common feature of diabetes. We investigated the association between certain lipid fractions and plasma platelet-derived microparticle (PMP) levels in patients(More)
Effects of benzodiapines administered by the intraperitoneal route on PGO firings and multiple unit activity in the midbrain reticular formation in chronic cat preparations were investigated at various levels of consciousness. Changes in the sleep-wakefulness cycle induced by direct injection of benzodiazepines into the reticular formation were also(More)
We studied the difference in the effects of codeine on coughs caused by mechanical stimulation to the larynx and to the bifurcation of the trachea in lightly anaesthetized guinea pigs. Mechanical stimulation to the larynx or the bifurcation of trachea caused a stable cough response. The response was reproducible over 60 min, when stimulation was repeatedly(More)
Peripheral and central glial activation plays an important role in development of pain hypersensitivity induced by inflammation and nerve injury. However, the involvement of glial cells in cancer pain is not well understood. The present study evaluated the peripheral and central glial activation and the effect of an inhibitor of glial activation,(More)
1. The effect of dextromethorphan (DM) on the current induced by glycine in acutely dissociated nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) neurones of guinea-pigs was studied by use of the whole-cell patch clamp technique. The effect of DM on gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-induced currents (IGABA) was also examined. 2. DM inhibited 30 microM glycine-induced current(More)
Because of conflicting reports of the actions of the antiparkinsonian agent L-prolyl-L-leucyl-glycine amide (PLG, MIF-I) on the turnover of striatal dopamine (DA), this process was reinvestigated. In the present series of studies, it was found that neither our MIF-I (200 ng ICV) nor the MIF-I used by Versteeg et al. [25] was effective in altering the rate(More)
Effects of ID-540, a new benzodiazepine derivative, on operant behavior were studied and compared with those of diazepam in rats for the purpose of determining the characteristics on behavioral pharmacology. Four schedules used were as follows: Fixed interval (FI-60sec) of food reinforcement and differential food reinforcement of low rate (DRL20sec) for(More)