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A cDNA clone encoding the 34 kDa eggshell protein of Schistosoma japonicum was isolated from an adult female cDNA library with a rabbit antiserum raised against the 34 kDa female worm fraction. A 230 bp-insert of this clone (Sj23A) was introduced in frame into the expression plasmid vector, pMAL-c2, and the recombinant fusion protein of the Sj23A(More)
The metacercariae of the lung flukes, Paragonimus westermani and P. miyazakii, are of known medical importance as the pathogens causing human paragonimiasis. They are both found in the same freshwater crab species in Japan and are morphologically quite similar. The aim of the present study was to establish molecular methods for accurate discrimination(More)
A total of 6 lung fluke species have been documented in Thailand, of which P. heterotremus is the most important, since it affects humans. Although P. westermani is found as metacercariae in the same crab species as P. heterotremus in Thailand, human infections with P. westermani have not been confirmed. To accurately discriminate between the individual(More)
The bitter and related constituents have been isolated fromVernonia amygdalina (Compositae), a plant ingested by wild chimpanzees possibly suffering from parasite-related diseases in the Mahale Mountains National Park, Tanzania. Isolated from the plant were four known sesquiterpene lactones, seven new steroid glucosides, and two aglycones of the glucosides.(More)
The intergenic spacer (IGS) between the 28S and 18S ribosomal RNA genes was PCR-amplified, sequenced and characterized for Schistosoma japonicum from mainland China, and compared with those of other Schistosoma species. Excluding flanking portions of the 28S and 18S genes, the IGS in the longest sequenced amplicon from S. japonicum IGS was 1457bp in length.(More)
Brackish water crabs infected with Paragonimus ohirai metacercariae have been reported in various regions in Japan. However, infected crabs have not been identified in Tokyo. We therefore collected the crab, Chiromantes dehaani, between August 2002 and July 2003 from 12 locations along the Arakawa River that flows through Tokyo. Of the 922 captured crabs,(More)
A carotenoid binding protein (CBP) has been isolated from the silk glands of Bombyx mori larvae. The protein has an apparent molecular mass of 33 kDa and binds carotenoids in a 1:1 molar ratio. Lutein accounts for 90% of the bound carotenoids, whereas alpha-carotene and beta-carotene are minor components. Immunological analysis demonstrated the presence of(More)
In the present study, near-complete mitochondrial (mt) genome sequences for Schistosoma japonicum from different regions in the Philippines and Japan were amplified and sequenced. Comparisons among S. japonicum from the Philippines, Japan, and China revealed a geographically based length difference in mt genomes, but the mt genomic organization and gene(More)
The transport pathway of specific dietary carotenoids from the midgut lumen to the silk gland in the silkworm, Bombyx mori, is a model system for selective carotenoid transport because several genetic mutants with defects in parts of this pathway have been identified that manifest altered cocoon pigmentation. In the wild-type silkworm, which has both genes,(More)