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Over the last century, human activity has caused significant changes to the activity patterns of many wildlife species. The wild boar is one species known to change its activity pattern with the intensity of human disturbance. We conducted camera trap surveys in two study sites, Shingo and Himuro, in Tochigi, central Japan. We investigated effects of two(More)
Two hundred seventy-one patients with various forms of alcoholic liver disease were followed up for an average of 87.9 months. The survival was the lowest for alcoholic cirrhosis (average 10-year survival: 23.8%). Prognosis was grave especially in cirrhotic patients who continued drinking, owing mainly to the increased death due to gastrointestinal(More)
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