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OBJECTIVES To assess the dynamics of the vertical semicircular canal (VSCC)-ocular reflex in normal subjects and then to compare their gain in VSCC-ocular reflex with that of patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). MATERIAL AND METHODS Subjects were sinusoidally rotated around the earth-vertical axis with their head tilted 60 degrees(More)
OBJECTIVE To show the positional nystagmus in a patient who had suffered from benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) that was thought to be caused by involvement of the anterior semicircular canal (ASCC) (A-BPPV). STUDY DESIGN Retrospective case report. SETTING City hospital. PATIENT The present study reports a rare case of A-BPPV in a(More)
The measurement of eye movements in three dimensions is an important tool to investigate the human vestibular and oculomotor system. The primary methods for three dimensional eye movement measurement are the scleral search coil system (SSCS) and video-oculography (VOG). In the present study, we compare the accuracy of VOG with that of SSCS using an(More)
OBJECTIVE Two types of direction-changing positional nystagmus, the geotropic and apogeotropic variants, are observed in patients with the horizontal semicircular canal (HSCC) type of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (H-BPPV). In this study, we assessed the dynamics of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) of the HSCC in patients with H-BPPV. MATERIAL AND(More)
Human GLI3 gene mutations have been identified in several phenotypes of digital abnormality such as Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome, Pallister-Hall syndrome, preaxial polydactyly type-IV (PPD-IV) and postaxial polydactyly. However, the different phenotypes resulting from GLI3 mutations have not yet been properly defined. We have experienced two types(More)
We previously developed an alternative method for estimating the brain perfusion index (BPI) using technetium-99m compounds and spectral analysis (SA) for quantification of cerebral blood flow (CBF). In this study, we investigated the reproducibility of the BPI values obtained by SA (BPIS) using a double injection of technetium-99m ethyl cysteinate dimer(More)
We investigated the accuracy of a double-injection method for sequentially measuring cerebral blood flow (CBF) with N-isopropyl-(123I)p-iodoamphetamine (IMP) in simulation studies based on patient data and in clinical studies. The unidirectional clearance of IMP from the blood to the brain (K1; nearly equal to CBF) in the first and second sessions was(More)
Cerebral blood flow (CBF) has been quantified non-invasively using the brain perfusion index (BPI) determined from radionuclide angiographic data generated by technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime( )((99m)Tc-HMPAO) or technetium-99m ethyl cysteinate dimer( )((99m)Tc-ECD). The BPI is generally calculated using graphical analysis (GA). In the present(More)