Hiromitu Moriyama

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A very restricted amount of high-molecular-weight double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) has been found in healthy japonica rice plants. We discriminated dsRNA-carrying rice plants from noncarriers. The endogenous dsRNA was localized in the cytoplasm (about 100 copies per cell) and was transmissible to progeny plants by mating. In crosses between carriers and(More)
The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) recently accepted Endornavirus as a new genus of plant dsRNA virus. We have determined the partial nucleotide sequences of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase regions from the large dsRNAs (about 14 kbp) isolated from barley (Hordeum vulgare), kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), melon (Cucumis melo),(More)
As a part of study of selectin blockers, we have already reported that a non-sugar selectin antagonist (3) was successfully discovered using a computational screening (Hiramatsu, Y.; Tsukida, T.; Nakai, Y.; Inoue, Y.; Kondo, H. J. Med. Chem. 2000, 43, 1476). To investigate the SARs of compound 3 against E-, P-, and L-selectins, we synthesized the(More)
We have found a linear, 16 kb, double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) in symptomless Japonica rice (Oryza sativa L.) that is not found in Indica rice (Oryza sativa L.). The dsRNA was detected in every tissue and at every developmental stage, and its copy number was approximately constant (about 20 copies/cell). Double-stranded RNA was also detected in two strains of(More)
We have previously found that heterochiral fucodipeptides, L-Ser-D-Glu (3a) and D-Ser-L-Glu (3b), exhibited up to 20-100 times more potency than a sialyl Lewis X (sLeX, 1) and a 3'-sulfated Lewis X analogue (2) toward E-selectin binding and have also proposed, from molecular dynamics calculation, that their strong activities would depend on a possible(More)
We describe a mimic of the sugar unit of the E-selectin ligand, sialyl Lewis X (sLeX). Carbohydrates are entering the realm of rational drug design, aided by the growing understanding of the structure-function relationships. We investigated a new methodology of preparing sLeX mimetics and developed a potent E-selectin blocker characterized by beta-turn(More)
We have designed a series of simple rigid compounds (2) having a phenyl ring attached to three essential groups necessary for selectin binding, i.e., a fucose unit, a carboxylic acid, and the hydrophobic part. In this series of compound 2, 2a exhibited strong inhibitory activity in in vitro P-selectin mediated cell adhesion assay. The novel type of compound(More)
We have rationally designed a sLe(x) mimetic based on molecular modeling, synthesized type II and type II' beta-turn dipeptides (3a,b), and evaluated their biological profiles both in vitro and in vivo. Against E-selectin-sLe(x) binding, the type II beta-turn dipeptide L-Ser-D-Glu 3a (IC50, 13 microM) and the type II' beta-turn dipeptide D-Ser-L-Glu 3b(More)
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